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Georges Cuvier, Fossil Bones, and Geological Catastrophes: New Translations and Interpretations of the Primary Texts (Inglés) Tapa dura – 5 ene 1998


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Until quite recently, French zoologist Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) opposed the biological theory of evolution, and championed the geological theory of catastrophism; but his careful research on fossils helped form and bring credibility to geology and palaeontology, and recent research has proved that his ideas on the importance of mass extinctions and catastrophes were well ahead of their time. In this volume, Martin Rudwick provides the first modern translation of Cuvier's essential writings on fossils and catastrophes, together with two previously unpublished pieces. Rudwick links these translated texts together with his own narrative and interpretive commentary, placing Cuvier's work in its biographical, scientific, and social context. A major feature of this book is a translation of Cuvier's best-known work, the "Preliminary Discourse" (1812). Frequently reprinted and translated, this essay became a key document in 19th-century debates about evolutionary theory, and is still used as source material by many English-speaking historians.

Biografía del autor

Martin J. S. Rudwick is professor emeritus of history at the University of California, San Diego and affiliated scholar in the Department of the History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge.

Georges Cuvier (1769-1832), est un anatomiste francais, promoteur de l'anatomie comparee et de la paleontologie au XIXe siecle.Issu dune famille protestante de Montbeliard province appartenant au Wurttemberg, il etudie a l'Academie Caroline de Stuttgart, ou il acquit la connaissance de la langue et de la litterature allemandes, il devient precepteur en Normandie. Tout en remplissant les devoirs de sa profession, il se consacre aussi a l'etude de l'histoire naturelle. Ses talents ayant ete apprecies par Tessier, savant agronome. Appele a Paris en 179, il se fait rapidement remarquer, a la fois par ses cours et par ses ecrits. Aussi, il est nomme successivement professeur d'histoire naturelle aux ecoles centrales, suppleant de la chaire d'anatomie comparee au Museum, professeur au College de France, membre de l'Institut (1796), puis secretaire perpetuel de la section des sciences (1803). Il est en outre admis peu apres a l'Academie francaise. Plus tard, il gravit les echelons academiques et devient inspecteur des etudes, conseiller et chancelier de l'Universite (1808), tout en accomplissant plusieurs fois les fonctions de grand maitre. Force est d admettre qu il profite de cette position pour favoriser l'enseignement de l'histoire et des sciences. Nomme en 1814 conseiller d'Etat, puis president du comite de l'interieur, il se distingue dans cette nouvelle carriere mais se montre trop complaisant pour le pouvoir en place.Comme naturaliste, Cuvier, surnomme l'Aristote du XIXe siecle, a contribue a son developpement. En effet, il a donne a la zoologie une classification naturelle et a permis a l'anatomie comparee de faire un pas immense en reconnaissant qu'il existe entre tous les organes d'un meme animal une subordination telle que de la connaissance d'un seul organe on peut deduire celle de tous les autres: c'est ce qu'il appelait la loi de la correlation des formes. Enfin il a donne a la geologie de nouvelles bases d observations, en fournissant les moyens de determiner l'anciennete des couches terrestres par la nature des debris qu'elles renferment.

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HASH(0xa7e57c60) de un máximo de 5 estrellas An extremely important resource 20 de enero de 2007
Por Russell Cashman - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato: Tapa blanda Compra verificada
In April 1796 Georges Cuvier read a paper he had written, entitled Memoir on the Species of Elephants, Both Living and Fossil, to the National Institute in France. Besides establishing that African and Indian elephants were different species, it established that mammoths were a separate species from any living elephant and therefore must be extinct. Thus for the first time establishing the fact of extinction. It is one of the foundation documents of paleontology, and of the 19th century catastrophist school of geology. An argument could be made that it is the most important publication in the history of the natural sciences prior to The Origin of Species. This book has the only English translation of a significant portion of it that I have ever been able to find and it is only one of several texts from Cuvier, Rudwick has translated for this book. Rudwick's comments accompaning the translated texts do a good job of placing them in their proper historical context. This book is obviously not for everyone, but anyone really interested in the historical development of the natural sciences, especially paleontology, zoology and geology will find it fascinating.
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HASH(0xa7f6ded0) de un máximo de 5 estrellas Four Stars 22 de enero de 2015
Por MAPH Geerts - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato: Tapa blanda Compra verificada
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