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Logicomix: An Epic Search for Truth [Tapa blanda]

Apostolos Doxiadis , Christos Papadimitriou , Alecos Papadatos

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Amazon.com: 4.3 de un máximo de 5 estrellas  155 opiniones
107 de 111 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
5.0 de un máximo de 5 estrellas Interesting and very different 26 de julio de 2009
Por P. Wung - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato:Tapa blanda|Opinión de cliente de Vine de producto gratis
I am a big fan of Doxiadi's book on Goldbach conjecture :Uncle Petros and Goldbach's Conjecture: A Novel of Mathematical Obsession.

This book is very different, in manifold ways. The previous book was a novel wrapped around a mathematical idea. In the process of telling a story, Doxiadis explained the mathematical problem. It was pretty straight forward - not the problem, the approach. But this book is a tutorial on logic, a historical review of the most dramatic development in logic, a chronological synopsis of how higher mathematics, philosophy and logic became intertwined and coupled. AND, the book did this in a comic book format. The approach is, of course very ambitious. The question then is: was it successful?

This may seem cowardly, but it does echo the book's conclusion: it is really up to the reader.

The book poses the question early on: pure logic will lead a rational person to a right conclusion to a difficult moral problem, in this case, whether Britain should enter into WWII against Hitler. The entire book then is predicated upon the literary mechanism to introduce a wide spanning discourse on the development of 20th century logic, the narrative is taken through all of its twists and turns by the narrator in the form of Bertrand Russell, with occasional self referencing vignettes of the writing and drawing teams of this book.

Russell is a natural choice, and his life in the higher altitude work in philosophy and mathematics really fits in nicely with the history of the logical arguments. His work, Principia Mathematica - Volume One with Lord Whitehead was also seminal in much of the breakthroughs that followed. The narratives are carried on through conversations with some of the most colorful people in the European philosophical, and mathematical intelligentsia: Frege, Cantor, Wittgenstein, the Vienna, Hilbert, Poincare, and Godels. But, relying on the words of these heavy hitters to carry through the dense and complex ideas is a difficult proposition for the reader because the heavy hitters tend also to have heavy and dense writings, so the authors have thoughtfully provided brief respites featuring the comic book counterparts of the actual writers and animators working on the book, and a welcome respite it is, this mechanism saved the readers from some heavy duty mental headaches and gnashing of teeth.

So, after all that work, we return to the original question: were the authors successful? I think they were, by and large, but once again, it is up to the reader to decide because the depths to which the message is delivered depends very much on the reader's depths of understanding of the problems described and the reader's familiarity with the literature. The tutorial on the philosophical works, particularly the Principia and Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (Routledge Classics) was very good, the authors did manage to explain some very important and dense material very cleanly and concisely. As for resolving the central problem, actually the argument used to present all this philosophy was not so successful, but that is the nature of a philosophical discourse: most of them end without a black and white conclusion.

The book is very ambitious, it attacked a very large and complex piece of human thought by using a very untraditional means - the format nostalgically brought back to the days when I was religiously reading Classic Illustrated comic books when I was in my youth- it did a magnificent job of relaying the author's intent.
179 de 209 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
3.0 de un máximo de 5 estrellas A nice intro to Russell's ideas, but a messy, rambling comic by committee 3 de agosto de 2009
Por Anonymous - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato:Tapa blanda|Opinión de cliente de Vine de producto gratis
While it's a pleasant and quick read, this book's execution hardly lives up to the promise of its brilliant and appealing concept (nor to its "epic" subtitle). Rather than a tightly structured comic-book intellectual biography of Bertrand Russell, this is a scattered mess of a book with too many (albeit quite promising) ideas and much too little successful execution. The book is simply trying to be too many things at once:

First, and most successfully, it wants to be an introduction to the "foundations" of mathematics, the early-20th-century efforts by philosophers and mathematicians to provide a firm axiomatic ground on which to establish a base for the higher-flown efforts of mathematics, which resulted in the development of mathematical logic and thus eventually led to the digital computer. The book gives even a lay reader enough little nuggets of this field to pique their interest, though often it doesn't explain in much depth. And the exposition does sometimes come off a bit condescending, as if the authors didn't trust us to follow them into a truly complex field like set theory.

And, furthermore and far worse, the book often doesn't even try to take advantage of its format by developing the ideas in image form -- instead it gives page after solid page of hastily-drawn panels of Russell (or the authors themselves!) lecturing the reader in massive word balloons, wasting all the opportunities afforded by its comic-book form. Still, had the book remained on the level of a "Russell for Beginners"-type introductory comic, it would have been a fair piece of work.

Second, the book is an intellectual biography of Bertrand Russell, the story of his life and of the development of his ideas. The problem here is that the authors are not very good at either part of the biographer's project, as they are neither experienced storytellers nor historians. They have consciously fudged many historical details, but have also (apparently unconsciously) introduced many small but glaring anachronisms of tone, language, and thought, making it difficult to suspend disbelief and to find their evocation of Russell's historical moment credible. And their psychological portrait of Russell, as well as of the supporting characters, tends toward condescending simplicity rather than interesting complexity or ambiguity, vastly oversimplifying even when they momentarily allude to the complications of Russell's several marriages, his pacifist politics, or his troubled relationships with family and with colleagues. And, as soon as each of these issues is raised, the book quickly marches on, usually with a dismissive remark about its irrelevance to Russell's ideas. A bit more credit should have been given both to the reader's intelligence and to the complexity of the biographical material; as it is, this scattered story could not even be recommended as a children's biography of a man as complicated as Russell.

Third, the book is a nonfiction "graphic novel," a nouveau comic book for smart people. But it is on this level that it fails the most completely, failing to integrate word and image or to use its comic form to any advantage. Despite the competent simplicity of Alecos Papadatos's art, the book shows its origins as a committee product with page after page of drawn talking heads below mammoth word balloons. The images often distract from the material being covered more than they illustrate it. And the authors' frequent self-insertions -- we often cut away from Russell's life to inserted scenes of their discussions about writing the book and about Russell -- are ham-fisted and annoying despite the authors' apparent conviction that this is clever and self-reflexive. When Art Spiegelman wrote himself and his own writing process into Maus, the formal innovation answered a necessity in the content -- the need to represent the remembering of his father's story rather than assuming a deceptive immediacy and a false transparency in its telling. Here, instead, the narratorial interventions distract from the book's content rather than meditating on it, and the interpretive disagreements among the committee of authors simply emphasize the book's scrambled, unfinished nature. Instead of a worked-out, formally coherent narrative about Russell, we get a series of snatches of his life, punctuated by inconclusive discussions of where to go next; it's like reading a first draft punctuated by notes from its editor. (Speaking of editing, the book's words badly need help from a stronger English writer; they are rife with Unnecessary Capitalization, "scare quotes," ellipses... and other signs of amateur writing. And Russell himself often speaks in glaring Americanisms, puncturing any suspension of disbelief.)

The less said of the philosophical side of the book, the better; its "expert" author-character is a theoretical computer scientist rather than a philosopher, and this shows through everywhere in its account of the importance of Russell and his colleagues, particularly in its ridiculously trivializing treatment of Wittgenstein. (E.g. the book's endnote on Wittgenstein claims that his Tractatus was somehow "vindicated" by the emergence of the digital computer, a truly bizarre and philosophically illiterate remark.) There are biographical and conceptual notes in the back of the book, a mini-encyclopedia that would be more appropriate in a For Beginners/Dummies-style textbook than this ostensibly story-driven piece, and while they're often interesting they seem unedited, un-peer-reviewed, and sometimes goofy and idiosyncratic in their account of the material. This makes it hard to recommend this book as an introduction to the basics of logic or the foundations of mathematics.

In short, the book tries to be too many things at once, and succeeds as none of them. It is neither a strong introduction to Russell's ideas, nor a worthwhile biography in condensed form, nor a successful piece of historical comic art. It's a pleasant enough read, but considering its ambition ultimately a disappointing one.
34 de 39 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
5.0 de un máximo de 5 estrellas News flash: Tremors shake area 25 de julio de 2009
Por Dick Johnson - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato:Tapa blanda|Opinión de cliente de Vine de producto gratis
Dateline Wales: Unusual seismic activity has been reported in the mountains. Reports have been received of areas seemingly 'turning over'. One eye-witness remarked about it being connected with Bertrand Russell's ashes being scattered in the mountains nearly 40 years ago and a new book being released about him - and it's a Comic Book!

The thought of Bertrand Russell and comic book being used together is strange. I am using "comic book" because the authors continually used it. It was only in the end notes that "graphic novel" was used by them.

There was a very good balance between the art and the text - neither overshadowed the other. The interludes to advance the story were also well done.

Though some fiction was employed, this is a very well developed thumb-nail sketch of Russell and his life until the start of World War II. The inclusion of others active in the fields of logic, mathematics and philosophy helped to display both those who influenced Russell and those whose works were influenced by him.

I was fortunate to have 'discovered' Russell, through his "History of Western Philosophy", while he was still alive (he died in 1970). Though his appearances on television were few, it was always fascinating to see anything by him or about him. Having this book develop through one of his public appearances was a clever touch that worked well.

Like most, I didn't agree with him on everything, and I certainly didn't understand a lot that he wrote. I did, though, recognize genius, and the haggling was over the details. Both his professional life and personal life were filled with controversy.

He was one of those who could be described as "bigger than life". Though few today may even recognize his name, he had a significant influence in the first half of the twentieth century; and an impact on thought that continues to today.

If you have an interest in logic, math or philosophy, this is an excellent introduction to a fascinating man and his work. If not, you will probably not like this book. While it doesn't require in-depth knowledge (much is explained), some familiarity with the subject will add to your enjoyment.

This was an impressive method of presenting this material. Hopefully, the creators will do more in the same manner.
15 de 16 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
5.0 de un máximo de 5 estrellas go Bertrand (Russell)! 27 de octubre de 2009
Por Massimo Pigliucci - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato:Tapa blanda|Compra verificada por Amazon
It is hard to imagine that the quest for the ultimate logical foundations of mathematics would make for a good graphic novel, but the authors and artists of Logicomix clearly pulled it off! I may be partial here because Bertrand Russell - the main character of the story - is one of my all-time favorite philosophers, but the fact is that the book is historically accurate (as much as a novel needs to be, anyhow), beautifully drawn, and intellectually rigorous (again, by a novel's standard - this is no logics textbook). Some of the minor characters are among the most influential philosophers and logicians of the 20th century, from Frege to Wittgenstein to Godel. What makes them interesting is that their passions show through the work, both in terms of their human frailties and of their almost mad pursuit for logic. Indeed, madness plays a constant background role throughout the story, with a not so subtle investigation of its link to genius, and to mathematics and logic in particular. The authors do a very good job at explaining the basic concepts for the reader with no background knowledge of logic or philosophy through the sometime a bit annoying, but ultimately effective, device of featuring themselves as occasional commentators in the story. Of course, this means that the novel is partly self-referential, with all the obvious implications in terms of logical paradoxes...
8 de 9 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
5.0 de un máximo de 5 estrellas A Lovely Combination of Art and Mathematics, with Fun Thrown In 4 de octubre de 2009
Por Herbert Gintis - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato:Tapa blanda|Compra verificada por Amazon
Logicomix is a 335 page, beautifully produced and artfully drawn, comic book. Unlike most comic books, the heroes are several of the most prominent mathematicians and logicians of the twentieth century. Also unlike most comics, the subject matter is not fantastic and juvenile, but rather tells the story of the quest for the axiomatization of logic and mathematics in the first half of the twentieth century. The period is passionately interesting because late-nineteenth century innovations, especially Cantor's set theory, opened new vistas for the working mathematician, but the foundations of the new ideas was more than a little shaky.

Cantor himself had proved that the power set of any set is strictly larger than the set, which means that the power set of the set of all sets is larger than the set of all sets! This is of course absurd. Bertrand Russell later located a fatal flaw in Frege's axiomatization of logic, famously known as Russell's Paradox. Cantor's paradox, and the related Burali-Forti paradox, are quite simple to expound, but not simple enough for the authors, but their exposition of Russell's paradox is well done. Somewhat later Goedel proved that any system complex enough to included the elementary axioms of arithmetic were such that there are sentences that are true but cannot be proved within the system. Moreover, he showed that if a system of sufficient complexity could prove its own consistency, then it must be inconsistent! Logicomix describes Goedel's incompleteness theorem, but does not explain the difference between `provable' and `true.'

Russell's paradox is absurdly simple. Some sets are members of themselves---e.g., the set of abstract ideas is an abstract idea. Some sets are not---e.g., the set of all bluebirds is not a bluebird. What about the set S of all sets that are not members of themselves. If S is a member of itself, then it is not in S, so it is not a member of itself, a contradiction. Thus S is not a member of itself, from which we conclude that it is a member of itself. Thus S both is and is not a member of itself so the logic leading to this result is inconsistent, and hence can `prove' anything.

The story line is a biographical account of Bertrand Russell's quest for a firm foundation for logic, and a reduction of mathematics to logic. This led to the monumental Principia Mathematica, coauthored with Alfred Whitehead. This book made Russell even more famous than his paradox, but it was not well received, and most logicians do not believe it solves the problems it poses. Moreover, there was an alternative developed by Zermelo and Fraenkel that appears to have solved the problem, in the sense that now, a century later, no one has found an inconsistency in the Zermelo-Frankel system.

The general problem can be easily stated. Frege had an axiom that says that if P is any predicate, then the ensemble of all things that satisfy P form a set. Since sets can be elements of other sets in Frege's system, this led directly to the various antinomies described above. Russell and Whitehead developed a theory layered types to circumvent this problem, but Zermelo-Fraenkel used the simpler notion that predicates define only subsets of already constructed sets. Then, follow a suggestion of von Neumann, we can build the whole hierarchy of sets from the empty set using a few simple axioms.

The authors clearly convey the beauty of the mathematics and the passion and dedication of the mathematicians that produce it. I was totally enchanted by the book, but I am not sure how it will be received by those for whom the math is unknown or uninteresting.

I came away from this book wondering why the comic format is not used more frequently to convey serious ideas. I mean really serious ideas. If it is math, it should have boxes with the equations in their normal form, and proofs in their normal form. But I think students would really appreciate the visual presentation that the comic format makes possible.
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