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Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science (Inglés) Tapa dura – 23 oct 2011


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One of Financial Times (FT.com) non-fiction favourites in the Science category for 2011

A The Boston Globe (Anthony Doerr) Best Book in science for 2011

"[A] thought-provoking call to arms. . . . Reinventing Discovery will frame serious discussion and inspire wild, disruptive ideas for the next decade."--Chris Lintott, Nature

"[Nielsen's] easy-to-read and enthusiastic narrative integrates a set of ideas that could, indeed, revolutionize knowledge creation. Nielsen offers a set of fascinating examples to illustrate how rapidly emerging methods for innovation produce important discoveries. He goes further to suggest that these will change our concepts of how science gets done and what it means to be a scientist. However, there are substantial systemic and cultural barriers to fully realizing these new forms of cognition and collaboration. . . . With Reinventing Discovery, Nielsen provides an important foundation for moving forward."--Stephen M. Fiore, Science

"The lone white-coated scientist working late, eye pressed to the eyepiece? That trope is no more. Nowadays impressive science (in mathematics, genetics, astronomy) is being accomplished by crowds using the tools of the Internet. Nielsen believes that mass collaboration is the future of science, and his book may be the most interesting piece of nonfiction I read this year."--Anthony Doerr, Boston Globe

"In Reinventing Discovery [Nielsen] has provided the most compelling manifesto yet for the transformative power of networked science."--James Wilsdon, Financial Times

"In writing this book, Nielsen has created perhaps the most compelling and comprehensive case so far for a new approach to science in the Internet age . . . eloquent, thought-provoking and inspiring to read."--Timo Hannay, Nature Physics

"Presenting complex ideas clearly, Nielson explores in his first book how online collaborative tools, networked science, and open data policies are revolutionizing the process of discovery. He presents a clear vision of science's future and challenges us to bring it to fruition. . . . Both captivating and enlightening, this book is recommended for general readers or specialists interested in how online collaboration tools, open data policies, and networked science might benefit the future of science and humanity."--Jonathan Bodnar, Library Journal

"Reinventing Discovery is a survey, an analysis, a how-to, and a harbinger of greater things to come. Kudos to the author for picking a timely and relevant subject perhaps just on the edge of social consciousness and making a great story out of it."--Robert Schaefer, New York Journal of Books

"I highly recommend this book. It's engagingly and persuasively written, while still being measured in its approach to the subject. If you have any interest in the way science is done in the modern age, and how it will be done in the future, you should pick up a copy."--Chad Orzel, Uncertain Principles blog

"A must read. . . . Nielsen's book serves as a great starting point for any reader interested in scientific discoveries. And even for those who have thought about such issues already, the book will stimulate further thinking."--Joerg Heber, All That Matters blog

"Michael Nielsen makes the case for the wisdom of very smart crowds in an optimistic argument for the way a wired world can change the way science works. In all sorts of examples, from a Garry Kasparov v the world chess game, to mathematicians and astronomers combining to solve problems he shows how the internet can increase the size and speed of scientific collaboration."--Stephen Matchett, The Australian

"Nielsen asks scientists to reinvent what they do, for the good of science and the good of society. His call to arms is timely and important."--Jack Stilgoe, The Guardian

"A powerful plea for scientists to work together in new ways, using the full power of the internet and information technology. Nielsen attacks the possessive attitude to data that still pervades some fields of research and shows how much scientists can gain through more open, collaborative working--which may involve members of the public as well as those inside the academic tent."--Clive Cookson, Financial Times, Best of 2011

"Excellent. . . . Nielsen's ideas are built on a careful analysis of the past--from the anagrams of Galileo and Newton, to Henry Oldenburg and the invention of the scientific journal, to the invention of peer-review in mid-20th century, to the developments of the past couple of decades since the invention of the World Wide Web. It takes into account people and how they, being human, resist or accept new ways of doing old stuff. It points out the obstacles, and errors one can make in pushing for a more open and more collaborative research. But it also provides a blueprint for how to do it right. And this last thing is why YOU should buy this book and read it carefully--it gives you a cool-headed, calm, thoughtful analysis of the things that work. Use them."--Bora Zivkovic, Blog Around the Clock

"Reinventing Discovery will fire up scholars and scientists to make better use of the internet and join the open science movement. . . . His real contribution, however, is his informed discussion of the social pressures slowing this process of reinvention. . . . Nielsen offers keen insights into how legal, business and academic culture clashes with the pursuit of open science. Our pre-internet thinking is chasing short-term and narrow competitive benefits at the expense of the wider world."--Harold Thimbleby, Times Higher Education

"Nielsen has been advocating 'Open Science': the idea that science would progress faster and more efficiently if we took advantage of the internet and social communication to create collaborative projects that would have previously been impossible. In this book he lays out the case, peering into the future to unveil a dramatic new mode of learning about the universe."--Sean Carroll, Cosmic Variance blog, Discover Magazine

"Reinventing Discovery is an essential read for anyone wanting to take advantage of knowledge and networking available online."--Georgia Leaker, Cosmos magazine

"Nielsen's book is a thorough primer on what he calls 'networked science.'. . . We are in the midst of a revolution, Nielsen argues, in which networked science can solve problems at the limit of human understanding--and may even change the world. That claim may sound over the top, but Nielsen makes a compelling case in this self-described manifesto. With friendly, engaging writing, he describes specific approaches and characteristics that can make collaborations truly bloom."--Rachel Ehrenberg, Science News

"Nielsen likens today's resistance to online tools by scientists to the days of the anagram. The analogy may sound critical of our current scientific culture, but he's also saying that like Galileo and his peers, we're ready for revolutionary change. It's already happening, and Nielsen's book is rich with beautiful and surprising examples."--Daily Kos

"Quantum computation specialist Nielsen is an impassioned advocate for open science. In a modern networked world, how can science happen differently? Nielsen successfully communicates his vision in Reinventing Discovery. . . . Nielsen is frank about the challenges to open science, and he offers a plan for action."--Choice

"This book is suited to a wide audience: those interested in greater detail . . . can view the appendix, bibliographic essay, and references at the end of the book, but Nielsen has written the main text in an engaging narrative style. Suitable for communities served by academic, public, and perhaps secondary school libraries, Nielsen's work is enjoyable and compelling."--Lia Vella, Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship

"A worthy manifesto for an important cause."--Michael Gilding, Inside Story

"Reinventing Discovery provides an important first sketch of the rapidly emerging networked science and makes it clear that certain fields of discovery can take advantage of an unprecedented acceleration enabled by online networks."--Thomas Vogt, Physics Today

"Nielsen's book is an amazing collection of interesting examples, important protagonists and references. It makes illustrative comparisons to open source software development. With his easily readable, well explained and perfectly argued style, Nielsen manages to keep the reader interested in this rather dry philosophical topic throughout the whole book. . . . [T]he book provides a comprehensive overview of developments in open science and is more than worth the reading time for someone interested in the foundations of science."--Florian Fisch, Lab Times

"Although this book is written in the 'popular science' style, it is not as breathless as many comparable texts and it is written by a practising scientist with a widely cited output in the field of quantum computing. It is recommended reading for any academic pathologists."--Simon Cross, Bulletin of the Royal College of Pathologists

"Nielsen's book is timely and makes the case that scientists have the 'opportunity to change the way knowledge is constructed.' Librarians reading this book will find content that is familiar such as the discussions on open access, open data, and data citation initiatives. The take-away is that Nielsen, as a scientist, is addressing his peers on topics that are also important to librarians. Perhaps Nielsen's Reinventing Discovery: The Era of Networked Science will be the impetus for 'lighting an almighty fire under the scientific community' in creating an open scientific culture."--Barbara Losoff, portal: Libraries and the Academy

"This is a book for anyone who wants to understand how the online world is revolutionizing scientific discovery today--and why the revolution is just beginning."--World Book Industry

Reseña del editor

In Reinventing Discovery, Michael Nielsen argues that we are living at the dawn of the most dramatic change in science in more than 300 years. This change is being driven by powerful new cognitive tools, enabled by the internet, which are greatly accelerating scientific discovery. There are many books about how the internet is changing business or the workplace or government. But this is the first book about something much more fundamental: how the internet is transforming the nature of our collective intelligence and how we understand the world.

Reinventing Discovery tells the exciting story of an unprecedented new era of networked science. We learn, for example, how mathematicians in the Polymath Project are spontaneously coming together to collaborate online, tackling and rapidly demolishing previously unsolved problems. We learn how 250,000 amateur astronomers are working together in a project called Galaxy Zoo to understand the large-scale structure of the Universe, and how they are making astonishing discoveries, including an entirely new kind of galaxy. These efforts are just a small part of the larger story told in this book--the story of how scientists are using the internet to dramatically expand our problem-solving ability and increase our combined brainpower.

This is a book for anyone who wants to understand how the online world is revolutionizing scientific discovery today--and why the revolution is just beginning.



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Amazon.com: 17 opiniones
26 de 26 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
A fascinating read and great introduction to the untapped power of open science 28 de octubre de 2011
Por Steven J. Koch - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato: Tapa dura Compra verificada
I read Nielsen's new book cover to cover on my flights to / from an Open Access Week event in Tucson this week and I give it my strongest recommendation for a pleasurable read about a crucial topic. I am a scientist and my students and I practice open science as much as possible--open notebook science, open protocols, open data, open proposals, etc. I have also seen the author, Michael Nielsen speak a couple times, and I have read many of his blog posts. So, before reading this book I didn't necessarily expect to learn much or certainly to be further convinced of the possibility of transforming science in this new era. From the moment I started reading, though, I was captivated. Many of the stories were not new to me (such as Galaxy Zoo or the polymath project), but I hadn't heard them in such detail before and I enjoyed learning a lot more about those successful crowd- or citizen-science projects. There were also many success and failure stories in open or collaborative science that I hadn't known about, such as the Microsoft-sponsored "Kasparov versus the world" chess event, or the research into how small groups can make bad decisions if the collaborative conditions aren't set up correctly. I learned a lot from these new stories, and remained captivated throughout.

In any of the topics that I am deeply familiar with, such as the current reward system for academic scientists (peer-reviewed publications are gold), I can say that Nielsen is spot-on and insightful. He ties together well all of the stories and descriptions of the scientific process and by the end, I think he's done a great job of convincing us all of his main point: We have a tremendous opportunity to transform and multiply the power of scientific research in the coming decades. But it won't happen automatically and there are some attitudes and policies that need to be changed to ensure we achieve this revolution. Nielsen gives concrete specific solutions to the barriers to the revolution. Furthermore, he gives advice to all of us as to what we can do as individuals to promote a change in science. My students and I in our teaching and research labs have taken the leap towards open science, and it has been tremendously rewarding. So I encourage you to read this book and to take your own small steps towards transforming science, whether you're a scientist, a fan of science, or an interested supporter of science (taxpayer!).

I rate this book 5 stars. Incidentally, I almost rated it with 4 stars because I was so frustrated at the black and white photos that I desperately wanted to see in color when I was on the plane! I realize this is a cost issue, but DARN! I was able to cancel this negative factor by adding in a bonus star for a truly excellent job Nielsen does with sourcing his information. He does such a good job that you can even read the "notes" section and understand what he's talking about and learn further information beyond the text. Kudos to Nielsen for an excellent book!
30 de 31 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
Most Compelling Manifesto yet for Open Science 25 de octubre de 2011
Por Gholson Lyon - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato: Tapa dura Compra verificada
I have read many books purchased at Amazon, but I have never written or submitted a review on any of them. This is the first book that I felt compelled on some level to comment on, as it really is the best manifesto for open science that I have read to date.

A "data web" or Wikipedia of science is a great idea. You cannot abolish journals in the next 10-20 years, given money and self-preservation issues for these journals. And, peer review is currently necessary to prevent bad apes from publishing crappy or fraudulent science, although maybe being able to comment and vote papers up or down Amazon-like could be made to work, as discussed in a recent blog by Joe Pickrell in regards to "Why publish science in peer-reviewed journals".

For now, it is a good idea to publish papers in Open Access journals which have a policy of publishing sound science with less emphasis on subjective measurements of importance. This way, anyone anywhere can read your paper and give you feedback and improve the overall project, so that your paper becomes an evolving piece of work. A scientific paper can and should be changed in Wikipedia style, with dated entries for changes made, so that the paper grows and changes with time. There are a couple of relatively new open access journals that could maybe support such a format, including Discovery Medicine and the Frontiers series of open-access journals.

I also think that scientists should deposit all data, analyses and conclusions onto a hopefully soon-to-be-created Wikipedia-based science portal, or maybe the Synapse Portal being created now by Sage Bionetworks. Give everyone on the planet who wants one a unique researcher ID.
You don't have to reveal your researcher ID to anyone else, other than your tenure committee, boss, or whomever else you want or need to impress, so you remain anonymous to most people, if that is what you prefer. Thus, you can get credit (also known as micro-attribution) for all the comments, criticisms, and anything else you contribute on the Wikipedia site or on journal sites with comments on certain papers. If your value system is also that you are doing science to improve humanity, cure a disease, or advance fundamental knowledge, then you'll just add such comments to the Wiki site and onto online comments for published papers because that is the just the right thing to do.

The fundamental power of humans to get stuff done collectively is so incredibly obvious with Wikipedia already, but this is illustrated in other ways in this book in regards to the whole experiment with Fold-It.

People just hanging out in their home, with basically no knowledge of biochemistry, are helping to figure out protein folding. Give people a chance to contribute and they will do so.

Anyway, this is a fantastic book, highly recommended that everyone read this book! The author has done an amazing job of synthesizing quite a bit of information in his "call-to-arms" for open science.

Gholson J. Lyon, M.D. Ph.D.
Research Scientist
Utah Foundation for Biomedical Research
3 de 3 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
The Easy Human Potential Availed in this Book is Staggering 22 de enero de 2012
Por Jeff Bennett - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato: Tapa dura
This book really lines up with where some of our brightest minds would be well placed. It centers on Science and Math disciplines, but its application goes for beyond.

I have long believed that decision making methodologies are one of the places where there is the most easy ground to gain. We mostly do not make good decisions, we have no effective methodology, our biases run amock, facts don't matter near as much as they should and most people don't know or couldn't care less what that means in terms of results.

This book made me think more about how online tools could shepherd decision making in certain situations where something called praxis (not theory or opinion) could be agreed upon. Where opinions rule, collaboration may actually produce "collective stupidity". Collective intelligence really requires and shared and agreed upon base of principles and facts that clearly can define right from wrong to a degree.

But where answers really exist, software and web technologies provide us many great opportunities to advance. We can fairly easily and effectively experiment our way to a set of such tools by measure of results and extend.

This idea lends itself to itself. Imagine and Open Source Web enabled Collaboration Tool Set that develops a tool people can use to improve the tools themselves and then be used for other efforts bringing back more ideas for tools that work. There is something wonderful, especially in software development, to using your own tools to do the work. Here that strategy might really pay dividends in a very leveraged way. Anyone knows of such an effort, please comment as I would love to help with it.

This book is very much about online collaboration. I was more interested in the general potential of the notion than the science. I found it easy enough to focus on the part that really was of interest to me. Some may not.

Terrific work by the author and I am especially grateful for the reference list in the back of the book. I will go through it in detail.
2 de 2 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
Enthusiastic, thoughtful advocacy of using Internet tools to change and accelerate the process of scientific discovery 15 de enero de 2012
Por E. Jaksetic - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato: Tapa dura
The author contends that the use of various Internet tools has shown the potential for improving scientific research, and that a better and more effective use of various Internet tools could significantly improve and accelerate the process of scientific research. More specifically, the author: (1) compares and contrasts traditional scientific research with contemporary scientific research; (2) notes the strengths, weaknesses, and limitations of each approach; and (3) discusses various ways that Internet tools can be used to conduct, and improve the process of, scientific research. The author supports his contentions, arguments, and conclusions with references to historical and modern examples of scientific research. Any reader interested in further pursuing the subjects and ideas discussed in the book can find numerous citations in the book's "Selected Sources and Suggestions for Further Reading," "Notes," and "References" sections.

The author's willingness to recognize the strengths, weaknesses, and limitations of various approaches to scientific research goes a long way toward preventing his book from being an unrealistic, speculative tract, or an unfair critique of traditional scientific research. Although the author enthusiastically advocates his views, he does not exaggerate the benefits of his proposals and does not ignore or downplay their weaknesses and limitations. Whether you find the author's contentions, arguments, and conclusions persuasive or not, the book is worth reading. It is a thoughtful and thought-provoking exploration of a timely and important topic.
1 de 1 personas piensan que la opinión es útil
From Intriguing Reportage/Analysis to Sentimental Exhortation 31 de marzo de 2014
Por Dennis B. Mulcare - Publicado en Amazon.com
Formato: Tapa blanda Compra verificada
Overall, the book is quite interesting and the writing is exceptionally good. It is a provocative, informative, and worthwhile selection for general readership. More specifically, the book starts out strong, but then gets somewhat wearisome due to lack of depth and closure. PART 1 of this book is entitled “Amplifying Collective Intelligence”, and the cases and critiques of on-line research coordination are quite fascinating if not rather surprising. Moreover, the author’s analysis of the collaboration phenomena is impressive and convincing. PART 2, “Networked Science”, however, takes an unexpected trajectory. It really doesn’t describe networked science in much detail or focus beyond disparate problems and anecdotes. Especially in view of the strong first part, I was expecting a rather more definitive characterization or encompassing vision of networked science per se, as for example a coherent projection of the touted “new paradigm” of research.

In PART 1, the rather familiar concept of collective intelligence is rendered quite tangible and concrete. Through a variety of exemplars, many non-professional persons are shown to successfully perform substantive scientific work. Vital features of collaborative practice are described, the most impactful of which is that of “shared praxis”. It is noted to be the fundamental requirement for collective intelligence – basically having all collaborators working together toward a common goal via shared groundrules and methods. Furthermore, shared praxis is noted to have prevailed among professional mathematicians in working so well together in the Polymath Project.

Other operative factors in achieving collective intelligence include mutual access to relevant data in a tractable form, along with shared analysis tools that are suitable for assessing such data. A coordinative on-line site then manages the reconciliation and compilation of incremental work submissions from various participants. These work contributions are integrated into the evolving research baseline according to predefined progress criteria. To ensure that all participants are proceeding with the latest information, the on-line site continually reports the project status and baseline configuration. Accordingly, a single on-line environment for a given project is the hub that logs, synchronizes, and facilitates cooperative work among multiple remote participants. As recounted in Part 1, significant non-trivial research has been accomplished through such on-line cooperative efforts in a variety of domains, largely on ad hoc bases.

Apparently, such demonstrated capabilities and successful projects provided the motivation for the aspiration of extending or adapting comparable on-line facilities for scientific research in general. Regrettably, PART 2 of the book does not make a very strong case for pursuing such an agenda, nor does it even enunciate such an agenda explicitly. In particular, there is a lack of an integrated concept of networked science, say a strawman architecture, one that establishes a shareable tangible vision or an enabling framework. Furthermore, this part lacks: justification of the implicit vision; substance and depth regarding the means of practical realization; and a clear focal message. It would seem that the author considered the particular success stories of the first part to serve as justification and the model for the general extrapolation pursued in the second part. In any case, the ostensive aspirations of the latter part require appreciably more in the way of specificity, rationale, and justification.

Ultimately, the rather sketchy warrant advanced for scientific information and publication sharing seems to be largely sentimental and unduly idealistic. The book is heavy with admittedly intriguing vignettes, anecdotes, and exemplars, but quite lacking in programmatic or technological specifics. The last chapter is entitled “The Open Science Imperative”, but it does not exhibit a forceful sense of discursive convergence or thematic closure. What constitutes the imperative is essentially each reader’s own subjective construal of a largely insinuated realm of universal networked science. Its nature, pursuit, and value are barely examined directly in the book.

In all, this is a well-written book, but one that ideationally is weakly formed. Disappointingly, it does not cohere a substantive message, albeit it describes some appealing and proven concepts (architecture of attention/shared praxis/common tools). In short, the message stops short of a well-formed characterization of networked science that would enable the public scrutiny and deliberative refinement of the author’s intent. Accordingly, he needs to articulate an explicit if merely notional architecture for networked science, together with a outline plan for its realization. Only then need he critique its pending problems and potential benefits. Nevertheless, his still vague proposal clearly appears to hold promise, and his bringing the matter into broader consideration is itself a valuable contribution. In any case, networked science would seem to be an increasingly practical reality, even if it is evolving on a largely unorchestrated basis. Maybe that is the best of all courses anyway, as perhaps supported by ad hoc working groups to resolve logistical and interoperability issues.