- Tapa blanda: 368 páginas
- Editor: Random House Usa; Edición: Vintage Books (26 de noviembre de 1996)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0679772545
- ISBN-13: 978-0679772545
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº102.846 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
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Age Of Capital 1848-1875 (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 26 nov 1996
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Descripción del producto
"Eric Hobsbawm is one of the few genuinely great historians of our century." --The New Republic
"Brilliant. . . . [This period] must be understood from a global perspective. Hobsbawm is at his best when he dissects the bourgeois culture of 'repectability.'" --The New York Times Book Review
"One of the great achievements of historical writing in recent decades." --The New York Review of Books
Reseña del editor
In this book, Eric Hobsbawm chronicles the events and trends that led to the triumph of private enterprise and its exponents in the years between 1848 and 1875. Along with Hobsbawm's other volumes, this book constitutes and intellectual key to the origins of the world in which we now live.Ver Descripción del producto
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As the violent revolutions were smashed by reactionary forces allied to the old regimes, the ruling class nonetheless recognized that it would have to make concessions that favored the development of inchoate democracies. That meant that, with the exception of Russia and Turkey, the traditional authoritarian regimes all but disappeared. In their places arose limited democracies that were powered not by traditional aristocrats, but a new class of industrialists and businessmen. It was an important step towards constitutionalism as the new ideal for the developed world. While weak, with perhaps only 10-20% of the population enfranchised to vote and various authoritarian reactions such as that of Napoleon III, in my opinion this represents great progress.
On the economic front, change was rapid and portentous of a transformation of society so fundamental that we are still in the midst of it. First, as factories arose, the cities grew massively with both peasants and immigrants (particularly in the Americas), a huge sea of people in often horrible working conditions and as yet relatively unorganized politically. Second, the world economy began to be connected, forming the first truly global market. Though autarkic regions remained, many areas became integrated in a new kind of trade regime, with monocultures, raw materials in exchange for industrial goods, and a myriad of other arrangements. As a result, slowdowns could become world wide depressions. Third, new technologies enabled and speeded these transitions, particularly in transportation and communications.
Societies also changed. Not only did the aristocracy lose its privileged position, but work arrangements became contractual rather than involuntary "stations" one was given or born into. This opened up the "meritocracy" to talent, particularly for the newly rich, who entered government and other elite positions long denied them. Manual laborers were also given a smattering of rights. Education became a national priority, provoking the rise of research universities and huge new academies for military and other administrative functions. In the bourgeois home, status and ownership of things became the new norm, with cultivation of the individual as a new kind of goal. Much of this worked against traditional religion - secularism grew alongside political consciousness. THere were, of course, many in the proletariat and the colonies were excluded and exploited, but their concerns and activism emerge in the next volume.
Hobsbawn also covers (in a much more superficial manner) developments in science and the arts. The sciences saw the rise of historicism in the theories of evolution by Darwin, also displacing traditional religion in some quarters. In art, not only did ownship become important to the bourgeois household, but the traditional boundaries were beginning to be questioned, e.g. impressionism in France was replacing realism around 1870.
This period abruptly ended as the world fell into the first major global economic depression. Not only did this threaten the fragile status of the new elites, but it saw the rise of true working class revolutionary forces.
This series is one of the most fascinating that I have yet encountered. Hobsbawm successfully analyses the configuration of forces emerging better than any other historian of the 19C. It was a period, imho, that brought change as significant as that of the Agricultural Revolution 10,000 years before. Hobsbawm is the best introductory guide with a global perspective.
Recommended with the greatest enthusiasm. To write this review, I had to re-read the book three times and loved it each time.