- Tapa blanda: 688 páginas
- Editor: Vintage; Edición: New Ed (25 de enero de 2001)
- Colección: Panther
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 1860468241
- ISBN-13: 978-1860468247
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº22.277 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
Barcelona (Panther) (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 25 ene 2001
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Descripción del producto
"Nobody has ever represented [Barcelona's] character more powerfully, or illustrated its claims to self-destiny more persuasively, than has Robert Hughes in this monumental work" (Jan Morris Los Angeles Times)
"Whether untangling the unlikely legends of Wilfred the Hairy or tangling with the likes of Antoni Gaudi, Hughes has shaped Catalan art, architecture and politics into the ultimate guidebooks" (David Newnham Guardian)
"A wonderful book, by far the best yet to have appeared in the current flood of books on Spain - and one that fills a genuine gap" (Martin Gayford Sunday Telegraph)
"Barcelona is unlikely to be rewarded with a better history than this. Robert Hughes is a master of the big canvas, scooping up the detail of social, economic, political and artistic life and producing images of captivating richness" (Sunday Times)
Reseña del editor
Focusing on the architectural foundations of this extraordinary city, Robert Hughes' account of Barcelona's growth in relation to the region of Catalunya also features political, economic and military drama.Ver Descripción del producto
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I liked that Hughes sometimes talked about the big things -- big events, important people, and he sometimes talked about the little things that make a place distinctive. His love of the place came through to me, and I fell in love with it too.
The history of the Catalunya area is fascinating, an area that predates the Roman Empire. Two Roman Emperors came from Barcelona, Trajan and his nephew Hadrian. Hughes helps us understand the unique development of the Catalan language, culture, history which is frequently at odds with Madrid and Spain's central government.
Hughes does an excellent job of mapping the development of city with changes in politics and the coming of the industrial revolution. At one point, Barcelona was filled with sweat shops, offering long 12 hour days, very low wages, unhealthy nasty work conditions, deprivation of exercise and light, and explotative child labor. As I walked the city of Barceona, I imagined the struggling families trying to survive under these conditions in times past.
Even though the full 574 pages are engaging in this long book, the chapters on Gaudi are the strongest, most enjoyable, and most insightful. If pressed for time before taking a tripto Spain, I would strongly recommend reading the sections on Gaudi before seeing his actual works which are spread out all over the city of Barcelona.
The concept that was fascinating to me was Hughes' explanation that Gaudi's work was in fact very conservative rather than radical. His work is based on a return to the natural object, the shell,the wing, the tail, the spine, the leaf, the root. His work takes these natural objects and reduces to essential form and then expands again from that essential form with texture, color, and sensitivity to the material and physicality of the medium. This explains the amazing popularity among the Japanese for the work of Gaudi, which philosophically and esthetically is more in line with Japanese culture and esthetics. Knowing this before seeing his Cathedral, parks, and residences gave me a completely new appreciation for Gaudi and the city in which he created his masterpieces.
Few stones are left unturned. One is an exploration of Catalan nativity scenes. These include, typically, a figure of a squatting peasant defecating, symbolic of the fertility of the soil. Characteristically, Hughes knows of a museum of these figures, in the upper story of an obscure building on a byway.
A friend of mine was traveling to Barcelona on a business trip, so I asked her to pick up one of these peasants for my own Christmas display. Her Catalan hosts were extremely displeased to learn that she knew about this part of their history.
Catalans, famous heretics, have always been known for going their own way, and as -- originally -- an art historian and critic, Hughes revels in the idiosyncratic art and especially architecture of Barcelona.
Probably the only Catalan architect many Americans could name is Gaudi, but there were many like him. `Modernism' in art had a different meaning in Barcelona than it has elsewhere.
Hughes writes, wistfully, of the Catalan tradition of hand craftsmanship that allowed the Gaudis to have their fancies turned into three-dimensional reality. All gone under the press of industrialization.
But there is much more, including Spain's vicious politics.
Unless specially interested in Barcelona or Catalonia, most readers probably would shy away and doubt whether they really want to know 500 pages worth about Barcelona. Once started, though, they are likely to become enmeshed in what Hughes calls the "immense, often irrational ambitions" of the city.
Once taken up, this book is hard to put down.
Now, when Barcelona is changing rapidly and is spilling over the former sleepy towns and small industrial settlements that are now its suburbs, Hughes book is a comprehensive and easy-to-read source of information about our ancient city, the city that is somehow still living under all the modern development driven by nothing-short-of-ridiculous real estate prices.
One can see that Hughes has written this book with the utmost care. There are surprisingly few errors. The only one worth mentioning is that Hughes mistakenly translates the nickname of the legendary Catalan ruler, Guifré el Pelós, as "Guifré the Hairy", when it should have been "the Fuzzy". In the Catalan language "pelós" refears to short and fuzzy hair, which our first independent ruler is supposed to have had instead of a full beard. A peach, for example is "pelós". If Count Guifré would have been indeed hairy, his nickname would have been "Guifré el Pelut".
Thus, except for this point (and the erroneous conclusions Robert Hughes derives from it in a paragraph at the end of chapter 2, part 5), the book "Barcelona" makes excellent reading.