- Tapa blanda: 256 páginas
- Editor: Alfred a Knopf; Edición: Trade Paperback. (1 de febrero de 1995)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0679755047
- ISBN-13: 978-0679755043
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº645.461 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
Beard on Bread (Inglés) Tapa blanda – feb 1995
Descripción del producto
Reseña del editor
For everyone who wants to make wonderful, hearty, delicious breads of all kinds, turn to the bread expert, James Beard. Step-by-step, with detailed, understandable instructions, this is the book and the author who are going to turn you into an expert bread baker.
Biografía del autor
James Beard was born in Portland, Oregon, in 1903, and it was there that his palate was educated at an early age. His first cookbook, "Hors d Oeuvre and Canapes, " was published in 1930. After that he wrote nineteen other books on food, including "The James Beard Cookbook," for years a best-selling paperback; the much-honored "James Beard s American Cookery"; and the companion volumes "Theory & Practice of Good Cooking, " which explored all the whys and wherefores of cooking as he taught his students, and "The New James Beard," which put into practice what he preached. However, it is his highly popular "Beard on Bread" that has been his best-selling book of all time.
He started giving cooking lessons in the late 1950s, in what later became the kitchen of the famous restaurant Lutece. This was the beginning of his popular cooking school, later located in his own brownstone in Greenwich Village, which now houses the James Beard Foundation. Well known throughout the country, James Beard traveled extensively and taught and demonstrated cooking nationwide. He died in New York in 1984."
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Though it has drawbacks I love this cookbook, and, over the last thirty years, have made every recipe in it.
What's best about this cookbook, and what makes it irreplacebable is this:
1. Tested recipes with excellent introductions. Beard on Bread was written after James Beard spent hours and hours working with dough and writing down what he thought. The recipes are introduced with his take on each. Some of the recipes come from other cookbooks, and their authorship is attributed. (How refreshing!) Beard tells you when he considers a recipe experimental, and when he is not terribly enthusiastic about the type of bread (sourdough). He also tells you when to go look at a different cookbook. His recipe for french bread is "french style" and tells the reader to consult Julia Child's Mastering the Art of French Cooking, if a more authentic version is desired.
2. Clear instuctions and illustrations. If you begin with the introduction of this book, you will get a very good idea of how to make a basic loaf, and go from there. Kneading is illustrated, and there are illustrations of the loaf pans you will need.
3. A progression of difficulty. Beard begins with recipes he believes are easiest to master and progresses from there. He tells you when dough is going to be sticky and hard to work. He tells you not to give up! And he is right. Some of these recipes are a bear to knead.
So, why not five stars?
The reason this book is not five stars has to do with changes in taste and technique in American cooking.
1. Taste: Beard on Bread was written when most Americans considered bread to be a bland slice of white bread, and "homemade" bread to be a slice of white bread with quite a bit of milk and sugar. His basic white style bread, set out in a very small recipe, won't taste all that great, unless you use a very good flour, preferably KA. His homestyle bread seemed sweet to me. If you want to make an excellent homestyle white bread, I would strongly suggest the Fannie Farmer cookbook, or the one on the bag of King Arthur Flour. Beard also likes his bread sweet. The addition of sugar is necessary everywhere he puts it, but I have found that some breads, such as his pumpernickel recipes are too sweet for savory sandwiches. I cut back, accordingly, on sweeteners.
2. Technique: Beard on Bread preceeded the foodprocessor/dough hook/bread machine revolution. Personnally I would ditch the bread machine, but using a foodprocessor with a kneading blade or a dough hook can do great things for your cooking, and make bread making routine rather than an event. In fact, many recipes are easier and better if you begin the kneading process with the processor, but finish it by hand. The problem with using the food processor is that many of the recipes can only be adapted with trial and error. If you have very heavy duty Cusinart food processor you may be able to do most of these recipes in the machine--but your ingredients must be cold or you will make a terrible mess and overheat the machine. (Beard always calls for warm ingredients.) If you have another food processor you may be able to use warm ingredients, but be careful about overloading. Most of the time I have split large recipes into two kneading batches, but that is not always easy.
As I have used the book I have filled it with notes that have helped my cooking. My two favorite recipes are Cornmeal Bread and Jane Grigson's Walnut Bread.
Cornmeal Bread- If you use a Cusinart, cook the cornmeal early in the day and cool in the frig. Beard says this creates a "well risen" loaf, but I have had to double the yeast to get the usual amount of rising. This means four packets of yeast for the recipe, or two per loaf. The bread is very sweet and some bakers may want to cut back a bit once they have tried the original recipe. My family loves it the way it is written.
Jane Grigson's Walnut Bread-This bread is absolutely delicious. It includes a lot of onion and walnut oil. (Beard says the walnut oil is optional but I would not make the bread without it.) The recipe fails to mention that the loaves will be very brown.
The cheese bread is delicious. The result tastes a lot like cheddar, even if you use the parmesian cheese suggested.
English muffin bread required no kneading and the result is excellent. I did not have good results with the Microwave English Muffin bread, possibly because I have a very small microwave.
Let James Beard lead you through the joys of making real bread with you in command--not according to the programmed instruction of some microchip with less RAM than you had on your desktop in 1982.
Beard's book is an excellent guide to some great breads. He offers a good basic white bread recipe for your first loaf. It is easy and it makes a single loaf. Thus, you get to learn the art of proofing yeast, kneading, and following basic instructions before you invest in exotic flours, herbs, baking pans, etc.
I have especially enjoyed the classic Graham bread and the Maryetta's oatmeal bread recipes. The latter can be easily converted to a raisin bread with a little cinnamon, raisins and granulated sugar rolled into the dough before baking. You can really take these recipes and ad lib a little after you learn what you are doing.
And, the Graham bread: third time's a charm. Just remember that the baking time is additive: ten minutes at 425 degrees then another 30 to 35 minutes at 350. It's not clear from his text and my first batch was a little chewier than I would have liked. But, fully cooked, this bread is a show stopper when company comes. You can begin to appreciated bread as the staff of life with hearty breads like this one.
Try the great yeast-leavened buckwheat pancakes. They are well worth an investment in some Vermont maple syrup. And don't dare spread margarine on any of Beard's breads. He uses butter liberally in his recipes. He butters his pans. He recommends spreading butter on every finished bread. And, according to the brief bio in the endmatter, it finally killed him when he was 81.
Use your bread machine to hold the pages open while you mix your dough.
Dedications of books are generally relatively uninteresting, as they are most commonly made to close family members who had a lot to do with the author's surviving the experience of writing the book, but little to do with inspiration on the content of the book. This book's dedication is revealing, in that it is to the great English culinary writer, Elizabeth David, who, in addition to her famous books on the cuisine of France, Italy, and the Mediterranean, was the proud author of a superb book on English breads and baking. I am in the middle of reading that book now, and I am genuinely surprised that the book is not cited more than it is by other authors. It is a large book with really substantial sections on both the technology of bread baking and the history of bread baking in England. If you are familiar with David's book, Beard's book is, in comparison, a minor work whose survival in print rests largely on the reputation of the author and the fact that it does give us lots of good recipes at a low cost.
Beard is well known for having created something of a little book writing shop staffed by disciples who wrote most of the actual text attributed to Beard. The most prominent of these are Barbara Kafka and Marian Cunningham, both of whom are easily charter members in an American cookbook hall of fame for their own work. And, if they are not, they should be. But this book, I suspect, has just a little more of James Beard in it than most published under his name. Biographies of Beard often cite how he constantly experimented with bread recipes, even though this was not his speciality. Oddly enough, if he can be said to have any speciality more specific than American Cuisine, it is probably grilling and outdoors cooking.
The best thing about this book aside from the pedigree of its author is its range of subjects. Without touching on artisinal baking, Beard manages to touch just about everything else the world calls bread. The principle subjects are:
Basic Yeast Bread and other White-Flour Breads
Whole Wheat Breads
Sweetened Breads and Coffee Cakes
Baking Powder and Soda Breads
The fact that this book was first written in 1973, just before the explosion in food interest in the United States means that much of what is in the book has just a touch of the retro about it. I am happy to find that `instant' yeast had just become available before this book was written and Beard took this opportunity to comment on it. I am especially happy to discover that while Beard recognized that it might be faster than the more familiar `active dry' yeast, he believes its results were simply not as flavorful as the older dried yeast.
My favorite example of a retro recipe is the pancake recipe in the last chapter that leavens these goodies with yeast rather than with buttermilk and baking soda or baking powder. Thus, Beard's Yeast Griddle Cakes no longer qualify as quick breads, since it is advised that the starter be mixed and let to sit overnight. If one wonders why in the world one would want to make pancakes with yeast, you have to remember that yeast was available before commercially prepared baking powder, and, buttermilk or vinegar may not have been as commonly available as the yeast, since yeast was such a good leavener for lots of breads for which chemical leaveners did not work.
To those for whom this is important, this is a very homey book. Lots of recipes are borrowed from friends and acquaintances, only a few, like Jane Grigson, are recognizable culinary writers. Note that many traditional breads such as brioche are not made by a traditional recipe. Virtually every brioche recipe I have ever seen, even in books on `easy cooking' ask for an 8-hour rise, preferable longer, overnight. Beard's recipe does not do this. His brioche recipe can be done in about the time it takes to make a classic white bread loaf. Thus, this is not the book for someone interested in professional bread baking or even an amateur approximation of classic professional recipes. This is a book which is fun to read and a great source of inspiration when you just happen to want to try some old school bread making.
My only caveat is that unlike books from the experts listed above, there is little information to help figure out what may have gone wrong if the recipe does not come out as expected. And, bread baking simply does require just a bit more skill than you average savory dish.
Beard's reassuring words and sound advice certainly worked for me. I've found his recipes easy-to-follow and the results tasty. Every good food writer has his or her quirks. Other reviewers have commented on Beard's liberal use of butter. I'll warn you that he also has a real affinity for salt (and admits as much in a footnote to his basic white bread recipe). I've noticed that similar recipes in other cookbooks call for half the amount of salt that Beard uses!
In any case, these things are a matter of taste and the recipes are easily adjusted to suit your own. The important thing is that Beard teaches the basics better than anyone.