- Tapa dura: 478 páginas
- Editor: Cambridge University Press; Edición: 3 (14 de octubre de 2016)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 1107082145
- ISBN-13: 978-1107082144
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Chomsky (Inglés) Tapa dura – 14 oct 2016
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Descripción del producto
'This is the book about Noam Chomsky that you were looking for. Without presupposing any background, it takes the reader on a fascinating intellectual journey documenting the enormous contributions Chomsky has made to the history of ideas … This book is carefully crafted and beautifully written. As far as books on popular science go, this is a masterpiece.' Stephen Crain, Macquarie University, Sydney and Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders
'… a clear, accurate and compelling introduction to Chomsky's work.' Jan Terje Faarlund, University of Oslo
'A superb, synoptic, and not uncritical exposition of Chomsky's views, in linguistics and politics, usefully updating previous editions to include discussion of 'Minimalism', 'Darwin's Problem', and political commentaries since 9/11.' Georges Rey, University of Maryland, College Park
Reseña del editor
Noam Chomsky continues to be one of the most influential intellectual figures of modern times. His wide-ranging contributions to the fields of linguistics, psychology, philosophy and politics have revolutionised our view of language, the mind and human nature. Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, this book explores Chomsky's key theories, especially recent developments in his Minimalist Program, addressing issues such as: how do we know a language? How do children acquire this knowledge? How did language evolve? This third edition has been expanded and thoroughly updated and includes an exploration of Chomsky's contributions to philosophy and psychology, outlining the impact of his radical and often controversial views. It concludes with an account of his political activism and his critique of recent developments such as the Arab Spring, Wikileaks and the Occupy movement. There is also a new section covering his views on climate change and nuclear disarmament.Ver Descripción del producto
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So the first 196 pages (chapters 1-3) are for the linguistics specialist, and are not very accessible to the general reader. Chapter 4 is of interest to philosophy. Language is vastly underdetermined by learned input. Universal grammar and innate language are therefore inferences to the best explanation of language as phenomenon. Empiricism offers no competing explanation to rationalism which postulates metaphysical emergent entities, one of which is language.
Philosophy similarly questions whether mathematics is objective, mind-dependent or mind-independent, expressed in the question as to whether mathematics is invented or discovered. Philosophers of mathematics differ on this core question. Hartry Field claims mathematics to be mind-dependent, whilst Stuart Schapiro claims it to be objective. If mathematics is objective, then deductive logic might also be. This offers a development of Chomsky’s claim, since language does need to refer both to physical objects and to the structures of possibly objective deductive logic. The brain’s neural networks may well then form around these structures, in the same way as the mouth forms around accents, giving rise to universality of grammar, and innate language structure? A similar challenging question is whether ethics are objective as data seems to suggest?
It would be interesting to see more exploration of this hypothesis. Smith and Allott’s point that language does not refer totally or unambiguously, cannot be pressed to imply that language doesn’t refer at all. An alternative view is that language does substantially refer, except at the margin of interpretation. It would also be interesting to analyse how and why language has mutated across time, and what cultural explanations underlie differences in language structure, for example the simple functional efficiency of English compared to the complex elegant poetic structure of Russian.
The concluding chapter 5 rehearses well established critique of US international political action. Much of this is well taken, but the argument lacks much if any presentation of the course of superior political moral alternatives. The argument also lacks rigour. For example, the claim that the invasion of Iraq was for access to its oil resource fails to consider an equally unacceptable alternative motivation ie to protect the state of Israel from potential dirty nuclear weapon attack from Iraq. Too much of chapter 5 is speculative and lacks rigorous argument.
Smith and Allott come at times close to hagiography. They support Chomsky on everything, and nowhere challenge him. There is almost no critique. This doesn’t deliver a very balanced review of Chomsky’s work.