- Tapa blanda: 336 páginas
- Editor: Random House LCC US (18 de agosto de 2014)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0385348118
- ISBN-13: 978-0385348119
- Valoración media de los clientes: 2 opiniones de clientes
Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon:
nº27.368 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
- n.° 180 en Lingüística (Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
- n.° 523 en Lingüística (Libros)
- n.° 1290 en Aprendizaje y enseñanza de idiomas (Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
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Fluent Forever: How to Learn Any Language Fast and Never Forget it (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 18 ago 2014
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"This is a fun way for anyone to discover the secrets of language instruction presented in a conversational, stress-free way -- no matter how little time you have."
--The Chicago Tribune
"A brilliant and thoroughly modern guide to learning new languages. Fluent Forever won't teach you French, or German, or any other language -- but it will teach you how to learn whatever language you do want to learn, and to learn it faster, and more efficiently. If you want a new language to stick, start here."
--Gary Marcus, cognitive psychologist and author of the New York Times bestseller Guitar Zero
"Aspiring polyglots of the world, take note: this book will help you pick up any new language in record time. If you're looking for a practical, brain-friendly, field-tested approach to language learning, search no more: you've found your guide."
--Josh Kaufman, bestselling author of The First 20 Hours: How to Learn Anything...Fast!
"Never before have I seen a language-learning method -- or method for learning anything! -- that synchs up so perfectly with our current scientific understanding of how memory works. I now understand why my past attempts to learn other languages (Spanish, German, Latin) have left me with little more than a smattering of near-random vocabulary words, and I'm inspired to try again. Fluent Forever promises a fun, personalized learning regimen that is sure to wire a new tongue into your brain with speed and simplicity. And Wyner's sharp wit will keep you entertained along the way! I've never been so excited to challenge my mind."
--Karen Schrock Simring, contributing editor at Scientific American Mind magazine
--Melanie Pinola, Contributor Writer for LIfehacker.com and author of LinkedIn in 30 Minutes
"Fluent Forever is the book I wish I had had during my numerous failed attempts at learning different languages. It's a refreshingly fun and engaging guide that shows you how to language-hack your brain. Wyner's done all the hard work so that the reader can actually enjoy the process of becoming fluent in a language quickly!"
--Nelson Dellis, 2011 and 2012 USA Memory Champion
"This is the book I'd use next time I want to learn a new language. It employs an intelligent mix of the latest methods for learning a language on your own using the web, apps, and voice training tips in an accelerated time frame.
--Kevin Kelly, Senior Maverick for Wired Magazine and author of What Technology Wants
"I know what you're thinking: But learning a new language is soooo hard! The solution? Stop being a whiner and start reading Wyner. This book is a winner! Guaranteed to rewire your brain in as many languages as you'd like."
--Joel Saltzman, author of Shake That Brain!: How to Create Winning Solutions and Have Fun While You're at It
"An excellent book...Wyner writes in an engaging and accessible way, weaving in his personal language journey. His method, proven by his own achievements, is clear: focus on pronunciation, avoid translation, and use spaced repetition extensively. And he offers lots of specific techniques to make sure you'll never forget what you've learned. I'd recommend this book to anyone who is serious -- not just aspiring but really serious -- about becoming fluent in a foreign language."
--Kevin Chen, Co-Founder, italki.com
"Mash up the DNA of Steve Jobs and Aristotle, add training in engineering and opera, and you get Gabriel Wyner, whose ingeniously elegant system helps us knuckleheads learn not just foreign languages but, well, everything. Autodidacts rejoice!"
--Jay Heinrichs, author of Thank You for Arguing and Word Hero
"Americans refuse to realize that all languages are foreign -- yes, including English. It's time we learned how to speak like the rest of the world: in more ways than one. This book is a hilarious toolbox that helps you get a head start. Pick a foreign language (yes, including English) and voilà el futuro es tuyo. High-five to Gabriel Wyner!"
--Ilan Stavans, author of Dictionary Days: A Defining Passion
Reseña del editor
The ultimate rapid language-learning guide!
For those who’ve despaired of ever learning a foreign language, here, finally, is a book that will make the words stick. At thirty years old, Gabriel Wyner speaks six languages fluently. He didn’t learn them in school -- who does? -- rather, he learned them in the past few years, working on his own and practicing on the subway, using simple techniques and free online resources. In Fluent Forever Wyner reveals what he’s discovered.
The greatest challenge to learning a foreign language is the challenge of memory; there are just too many words and too many rules. For every new word we learn, we seem to forget two old ones, and as a result, fluency can seem out of reach. Fluent Forever tackles this challenge head-on. With empathy for the language-challenged and abundant humor, Wyner deconstructs the learning process, revealing how to build a foreign language in your mind from the ground up.
Starting with pronunciation, you’ll learn how to rewire your ears and turn foreign sounds into familiar sounds. You'll retrain your tongue to produce those sounds accurately, using tricks from opera singers and actors. Next, you'll begin to tackle words, and connect sounds and spellings to imagery, rather than translations, which will enable you to think in a foreign language. And with the help of sophisticated spaced-repetition techniques, you'll be able to memorize hundreds of words a month in minutes every day. Soon, you'll gain the ability to learn grammar and more difficult abstract words--without the tedious drills and exercises of language classes and grammar books.
This is brain hacking at its most exciting, taking what we know about neuroscience and linguistics and using it to create the most efficient and enjoyable way to learn a foreign language in the spare minutes of your day.
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Por eso, cuando leí el libro me encontré con una forma bastante asequible para mejorar mi pronunciación. Sigo teniendo mucho acento al hablar, pero creo que puedo mejorarlo, usando las sencillas recetas que se proponen en el libro. Los procedimientos son entretenidos, el estudio no se hace aburrido.
Y desde luego, después de tantos años haciendo cursos de idiomas, he encontrado un método que se basa en hallazgos científicos sobre el aprendizaje.
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The strong points: 1. an emphasis on starting off with correct pronunciation (he says otherwise you end up learning two languages rather than one). He has very good videos on the mechanics of pronunciation available. He also sells trainers for specific languages.
2. The use of minimal pairs (two words like cat and cut that differ by only one sound). He has a way of using these to train you to actually hear the differences, which can be very tricky in some foreign languages. You have to hear the differences before you can produced them, but understanding how they are produced gives you a leg up.
3. The use of IPA (international phonetic alphabet) to represent the actual sounds.
4. The use of pictures to associate with a new word. This is how you get the concept associated with the word you are acquiring. It is also how you avoid translation, which impedes thinking in the language.
5. The use of a spaced repetition system (ANKI) to integrate concept, sound, spelling and emotional connection with recall. Tricky issues like gender and grammatical problems are also addressed.
6. Frequency lists are discussed and often provided on his site.
7. Tremendous amount of info on webs resources to practice conversation (and his website also gives info on picking topics).
8. The book is so rich in content that I have probably omitted something significant.
OK, nobody is perfect, so what's missing?
1. The pronunciation material should help you master individual words. But an equally, if not more, important part of conversation is called prosody and concerns the rhythm and stress applied to a string of words. Even without knowing a word of French and Italian, you could easily distinguish the difference in rhythm in a typical conversation. If you are singing, the prosody is implied by the music. In conversation, you have no such guide. You will pick this up in conversation (slowly) but can speed this up by learning poetry in the foreign language, because typical poetry emphasizes prosody. You almost can't avoid it.
2. It's not clear how you can take advantage of sequential activities. These are sometimes called Gouin series. A simple example is: I pick up the book; I open the book; I look at a page in the book; I close the book; I put the book down. We are really good at remembering series (it's how we go through most of our day). Sometimes this is called a schema. If we attach the new words to a schema, it's very reinforcing. Perhaps this can be achieved in an anki system?
3. The only truly negative is that much of the material talked about in the book is not yet available on the website. That's hard on the impatient among us!
The author writes in an almost breathless conversational style, full of ironic humour and such energy that it sounds like he is selling something. Turns out he is: the book is a gateway to a commercial website. After giving some truly useful advice about the importance of proper pronunciation, vocabulary, and how best to memorize new material, he starts to go on about flashcards. And on. Their use and various ways to construct a review system take up a large part of the book. I found that and the overwhelming detail about phonetics to become tiresome. I can summarize the most useful part of his flashcard advice in two words: multimedia Google.
In my experience, his general tips about exposing yourself to properly spoken language are more useful. For example, watching subtitled TV shows or reading what interests you. You will get the same results without investing the energy in flashcards or pronunciation guides that you would put to better use just immersing yourself in the language. As he recounts in his own story, nothing beats immersive learning. And you probably didn’t use flashcards to learn your first language.
I can vouch for the usefulness of what is here, but most of it is in the first half of the book.
If you have experience in contemporary language techniques, or if you already run an SRS, don't buy.
For me, his book misses some very important things in his main premise.
One of his biggest positions is surrounding Spaced Repetition Systems. I use SRS extensively, and one of the biggest challenges is adopting native material into cards which prompt speech production and cards which test comprehension. These are two very different skills, and I think they benefit from activities which specifically target each skill separately. While he goes into great details about how to structure cards, this topic is ignored completely.
A great deal of this information can be found on the web, amid the self-learning language community. For an absolute beginner, with no time to research learning techniques on the web, this could be a good introduction. It would be especially useful to debunk the approaches used in most language classrooms. HOWEVER, a dedicated learner is going to have to do this research anyway, because the techniques and approaches are as individual as a suit and will affect your learning in profound ways. As such, I would recommend jumping into that research right away, and simply engorging the materials found on HTLAL and it's newer version. Also, read methodology books, the AJATT blog, etc.
When I learned Korean, I spent about 40% of my time just researching learning techniques, and then 60% of my time on actual target language material. It paid off in spades, concerning that I am learning Arabic, and can apply 100% of my methodology to the new language.
Both of these were tested languages, and I used them for work.