- Tapa dura: 296 páginas
- Editor: OUP USA; Edición: New (29 de abril de 1993)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 019506402X
- ISBN-13: 978-0195064025
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº1.119.767 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
- Ver el Índice completo
Forks, Phonographs, and Hot Air Balloons: A Field Guide to Inventive Thinking (Inglés) Tapa dura – 29 abr 1993
Descripción del producto
'It is difficult to evaluate how well Weber's ideas would work as predictors of future developments, but as explanations of past events, his arguments have a sense of logic and insight. Even if his hindsight is better than his foresight, this is an interesting and entertaining work.'Hilary D. Barton, Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Library Journal
'grippingly written book ... Weber ... offers example inventions to make his arguments; this analysis is at times compelling and, because of its specificity, is likely amenable to future mental testing'Psychological Science, Vol. 5, No. 3, May 1994
'The book is enjoyable to read and the examples and methods of analysis used illustrate the points clearly and well.'Steve Allman, Physics Education
The major advantage of this book is its use of language. Weber examines discoveries from the layman's point of view, which makes for easy reading. The discussion is also relatively free of technical jargon and complicated discussions of how devices work. In short, Weber's text is both accessible to technophobes and excellent for anyone interested in creative and critical thinking.
The section on understanding the created world is fascinating. Using simple methods of analysis, Weber strips everyday objects to the bone, laying bare for all to see why some inventions are shaped, used or made the way they are .. . The book is enjoyable to read and the examples and methods of analysis used illustrate the points clearly and well ... A clear conclusion, and brilliant chapters on heristics and understanding the created world, make the book an enjoyable ... read. (Physics Education)
Reseña del editor
Wheels, doorknobs, forks, and sewing needles are such everyday items that we rarely bother to wonder how they were invented. But where did the idea for the tea bag come from? Or the waterscrew, synthesizers, or genetic engineering? Drawing on hundreds of examples, this intriguing book sheds new light on human ingenuity from the Stone Age to the present day. Arguing that all inventions are the result of the same basic principles rather than random inspiration, cognitive psychologist Robert Weber reveals our mind's amazing capacity for problem-solving, and encourages us to take a fresh look at the world around us and tap into our own creativity.Ver Descripción del producto
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He points out that while designing, engineering, and science also solve problems it is often the inventor who finds "the one good idea." He presents the classic example of the Wright brothers. By hands-on experimenting these two bicycle shop owners succeeded where Samuel Langley failed. Langley had vast resources at his disposal, but he fixed upon automatic control and a powerful motor as the solution. The Wright brothers believed in manual control (bicycles work, they are not stabilized automatically), wind tunnel testing to optimize wing and propeller shapes, and they built their own motor to fit their needs. In the author's words: "Langley represents big science at its worst." "The Wrights represent small science at its best."
In analyzing Leonardo da Vinci's helicopter design the author notes how far ahead of its time it was. 400 years! He lacked a motor and some modern light weight materials.
In contrast, looking at Edison's phonograph (l878) Weber notes that while it is often cited as totally unanticipated, it can be also be argued it could have been invented 20 years earlier. He gives a sketch of a similar device--Leo Scott's phonautograph of l857 which used a smoked drum to record sound waves.
An interesting sidelight is the Montgolfier brothers who, in l783, achieved the first human flight by means of a hot air balloon. They "thought that burning straw would produce hydrogen."
Not all of his examples are of famous inventors. An eight-grade Weekly Reader contest winner, James R. Wollin, produced a means for getting all the peanut butter out of the jar. He added a second lid to the bottom of the jar!
He points out that Albert Einstein, Max Planck, and Jacob Rabinow (Post Office machine readers) all have commented that the creative process, at least in the early stages, is not a logical process.
Throughout the book the author cites basic concepts that he has run across in analyzing inventions. For example, "parallelism." A one-tooth saw would be ridiculous. "Spatial transformation." Rotate an arch to generate a dome or repeat it to generate a corridor.
Don't think of this book as 'old stuff.' He also takes us up to the present day with discussions of genetic engineering and "smart materials." (Materials that change properties in changing environments.)
After reading this book you may never again look at a fork, safety pin, or knife as simple devices. Their evolution is fascinating and the concepts and principles of their evolution can be applied today and tomorrow.
The book is not only useful to the individual, but it should be read by those in research labs and industry. Too often, today, departments work in isolation and fail to share information. The highly successful Walkman resulted from the habit of Sony's retired chairman "wandering" from lab to lab. One lab had developed light headphones which the other labs were not aware of. These headphones were used to replace the proposed speakers and product history was made.
Besides "wandering," the author advocates "sconcing" as practiced at the Cambridge University in England. It brings people of different disciplines together. One result, at Cambridge, was the development of tissue scanning by ultrasound.
All in all, it is a practical and delightful "field guide to inventing thinking." While it has a 1992 copyright, this reviewer suspects it will be around for a long time.