- Tapa blanda: 368 páginas
- Editor: University of Chicago Press; Edición: Revised (15 de marzo de 1989)
- Colección: Midway Reprints
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0226062430
- ISBN-13: 978-0226062433
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
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A Franz Boas Reader: Shaping of American Anthropology, 1883-1911 (Midway Reprints) (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 15 mar 1989
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The Shaping of American Anthropology is a book which is outstanding in many respects. Stocking is probably the leading authority on Franz Boas; he understands Boas's contributions to American anthropology, as well as anthropology in general, very well . . . He is, in a word, the foremost historian of anthropology in the world today . . . The reader is both a collection of Boas's papers and a solid 23-page introduction to giving the background and basic assumptions of Boasian anthropology David Schneider, University of Chicago "While Stocking has not attempted to present a person biography, nevertheless Boas's personal characteristics emerge not only in his scholarly essays, but perhaps more vividly in his personal correspondence . . . Stocking is to be commended for collecting this material together in a most interesting and enjoyable reader" Gustav Thaiss, American Anthropologist
'The Shaping of America Anthropology is a book which is outstanding in many respects. Stocking is probably the leading authority on Franz Boas; he understands Boas's contributions to American anthropology, as well as anthropology in general, very well...He is, in a word, the foremost historian of anthropology in the world today...The reader is both a collection of Boas's papers and a solid 23-page introduction giving the background and basic assumptions of Boasian anthropology.'
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It was in these years that Boas was most influential in shaping American anthropology. Stocking the editor, selected from Boas' letters, journal articles, lectures and
books written in this 28 year span. The result is that the reader can access Boas' writings
1.) The history and development of anthropology.
2.) The problems (both theoritical and methodological) in evolutionism, folklore and physical anthropology.
3.) How ethnographic fieldwork and linguistics should be done.
4.) The idea of race/races in anthropology.
5.) The social role of anthropology in American society.
Stocking's selections allow the reader to view the development of anthropology in the United States, plus provide insights into Boas as a person. The short essays
written by Stocking before each section help place the selections in their historical context. Interestingly, several of the issues Boas
grappled with---race as just one example---are still debated and contested by anthropologists today.
This history differs sharply from Europe's where the traditional subfields of American anthropology are each specialities. (For example, 'anthropology' in England means only cultural anthropology while in France an 'anthrpologist' is trained as a physical anthropologist by American standards.)
Boas' insistence that his students, such as A.L. Krober, Robert Lowie, Ruth Benedict, and Margaret Mead, study American Indians because he thought native peoples or their cultures were on the verge of extinction, a commonly held belief in the early twentieth century. Thus, he urged studies of languages, cultures, prehistories, and physical anthropology because he thought racial studies could reveal past history. (Could similarites in physical features between Asians and Indians prove Indian origins in Asia?)
In his race to record all that could be recorded, American anthropology started as an historical study eschewing theory, another difference from Europe where grand theories of cultural development were evolving.
We owe much to Stocking for his examination of all that Boas did in founding anthropology in the United States.