- Tapa blanda: 448 páginas
- Editor: DEBOLSILLO; Edición: 001 (2 de febrero de 2011)
- Colección: CONTEMPORANEA
- Idioma: Español
- ISBN-10: 848346747X
- ISBN-13: 978-8483467473
- Valoración media de los clientes: 3 opiniones de clientes
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº116.608 en Libros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros)
Lord Jim (CONTEMPORANEA) Tapa blanda – 2 feb 2011
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Una de las obras maestras de Joseph Conrad y una de las grandes novelas de todos los tiempos.
En Lord Jim, Marlowe, una de las creaciones cumbre de Conrad, relata a un grupo de atentos compañeros la tragedia de Jim, un hombre de mar que en cierto momento de su vida se ve traicionado por un fatal golpe de debilidad moral. A partir de entonces su existencia se convertirá en una despiadada lucha con su pasado, en un intento por alcanzar la redención.
Con un impresionante alarde de virtuosismo técnico y estilístico, Conrad dio forma a una de las historias más hondas y memorables de la historia de la literatura, una terrorífica odisea moral a través de los océanos más procelosos de la condición humana.
Virginia Woolf dijo...
«Sacar de su elemento la penetración intimista de Conrad es un esfuerzo vano. Seca, depositada en nuestros platitos, sin la magia y el misterio del lenguaje, pierde todo su poder estimulante y fustigador; pierde la drástica potencia que es cualidad constante de su prosa.»
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Mis cuatro estrellas aun siendo una edicion muy limitada con una traduccion un tanto sui generis, incomprensible en muchos tramos de la narracion, que hace dificil, en muchos casos, una lectura mas fluida.
Es el segundo libro que no termino. El anterior fue el Ulyses de Joyce
Situado en el pacífico sur, el exotismo, y la dura vida de los mercenarios de la marina mercantil del siglo XIX forman el lienzo en el que Conrad nos pinta temas más profundos: la culpabilidad, la cobardía, la remota posibilidad de la redención, la fidelidad y el sacrificio.
Libro más difícil de leer que "El Corazón de las Tinieblas", pero que también ofrece suculentas recompensas al lector en la forma de una historia ambigua y heterogénea no carente de aventuras y diálogos intensos.
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The book is not about guilt at all, but about shame.
So let's say: Shame and Redemption.
This is Marlow's Third. After Heart of Darkness and Youth, Lord Jim should have become a third long story about Conrad's alter ego's experiences. The Congo, the Indian Ocean, and then the Arab Sea were the locations, but then the Jim story grew out of proportion and became Conrad's longest book so far. One might argue that it is two books in one: the shame of having been caught in a cowardly act (augmented by the shame brought on the white race, as observed by one of the judges in Jim's trial), and the redemption through an act of mad blind courage.
Marlow becomes Jim's patron after his disgrace. He wonders about the young man, 'one of us', a British gentleman, who broke the code of conduct and who will not believe that he is to blame. Jim has the guts to face the charges. Or is he too cowardly to do the right thing and disappear terminally? (As his judge does over undisclosed disgraces of his own, when he commits suicide, shockingly in view of his acknowledged superiority as a human specimen.)
Marlow helps Jim to find a new footing, and finds new grounds for self-reproach: Jim must be a hero and Marlow knows this was unavoidable and he should have stayed away from interference. Till the end, Marlow will not cease to wonder: was the man a coward?
My first picture of Lord Jim was Peter O'Toole. I watched the movie before I knew the name Joseph Conrad. After reading the novel now for the second time, I will try to watch the film again. I have a suspicion that Peter O'Toole, in all his brillance, damaged the spirit of Conrad's Jim. My recollection of an oversensitive sufferer does not quite match with Marlow's Jim, who is robust, impulsive and brooding, but does not have this saintly suffering face and expression.
And a word to Mr. John Stape, the Conrad biographer, who wrote the notes, and who may know Conrad well, but who annoyed me in the notes regarding A.R.Wallace and J.W.Goethe.
First of all, claiming that Jim's benefactor Stein is modelled on Wallace is nonsense. Stein is a trader who becomes wealthy in the archipelago and who is a hobby zoologist with an experience as an assistant to a famous zoologist in the islands long ago. That man may have been Wallace, but not Stein. Zero similarity of character. And by the way, 'coleoptera' are not a species of winged beetles. Elementary, Watson!
And then, Goethe was absolutely not a romantic poet, Mr.Stape; better brush up your lit-history. And to translate the line from Goethe's Tasso: 'in gewissem Sinne mein' as 'unambiguously mine' is horribly misunderstood. Booh, Mr.Stape!
It also reminded me of Pynchon's classic problem. Most people are familiar with The Crying of Lot 49 and Heart of Darkness thanks to both being popular books to include when introducing high school students and college freshmen to classic works of modern and contemporary literature. Both Conrad and Pynchon's bigger AND better stuff requires more time and work.
This is a fantastic novel, and a regenerative work of art.
"Lord Jim" follows this pattern to an extent, although in this novel, the character struggles to be honorable and kind. In a nutshell, an English officer - young, handsome and noble - is terribly disgraced and struggles to restore his honor. The storyteller in the novel, Marlowe, is the same character Conrad used to tell "Heart of Darkness." It is the relationship between Marlowe and Jim, the young officer, which provides the most fascinating element in the work.
Marlowe meets Jim during the latter's military hearing, where Jim is desperate to tell someone the story of his disgrace. Marlowe, a merchant captain coincidentally in port, reluctantly hears him out. This event establishes a deep, psychological bond between the two men that courses through the book. It is through this relationship that Conrad explores some of the fundamental assumptions of human nature: Is man, basically, good and honorable? Is there even such a thing as honor or "good," or is every belief we cherish about ourselves a thin chimera, shredded easily by the base nature within?
Certainly there are few "honorable" characters in "Lord Jim." One of the great treats of the book is the flotsam of humanity that Conrad skillfully parades before the reader. Take, as an example, the merchant Chester, one of many who offer Jim extremely dubious work once he is in disgrace (in this case overseer of an island that produces tons of bat guano, which has great commercial value) or Chester's right hand man, Captain "Holly Terror" Robinson, described thusly:
"The Notorious Robinson. The man who smuggled more opium and bagged more seals in his time than any loose Johnny now alive. They say he used to board the sealing -schooners up Alaska way then the fog was so thick that the Lord God, He alone, could tell one man from another. Holy-Terror Robinson. That's the man. He is with me on this guano thing." He put his lips to my ear. "Cannibal? -Well, they used to give him the name years and years ago."
Yet, there remains something that makes Marlowe care about Jim, something he is at pains to understand himself. The fascinating thing is that most of the time Marlowe is nearly repulsed or irritated by Jim, made squeamish about shaking his hand, or will cross a street to avoid him. There is a quality in Jim's disgrace that dims Marlowe's own cherished memories of youth and high adventure. Yet, as Marlowe says repeatedly, Jim "was one of us." This phrase changes, bit by bit, in the course of the novel. At first it means, primarily, white, English, and of a certain class. As the novel progresses, the phrase begins to take on a much broader meaning, touching something fundamental in all living men.
As Marlowe puts it in describing Jim: "Woe to the stragglers! We exist only in so far as we hang together. He had straggled in a way; he had not hung on; but he was aware of it with an intensity that made him touching, just as a man's more intense life makes his death more touching than the death of a tree. I happened to be handy, and I happened to be touched. That's all there is to it."
Again, like Shakespeare, nothing is obvious and much is open to interpretation. Does Jim succeed in regaining his honor, there in a remote jungle? Did he fail? Or, perhaps, was he aiming his shot at a romantic tendril of air, never really there at all. If you read this great work, you will have the pleasure of deciding for yourself. ---- Mykal Banta