- Tapa dura: 144 páginas
- Editor: BiblioLife (28 de enero de 2009)
- Colección: Bibliolife Reproduction
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0559963033
- ISBN-13: 978-0559963032
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
The Man Who Would be King (Bibliolife Reproduction) (Inglés) Tapa dura – 28 ene 2009
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This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.
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Read this if you're trying to figure out whether or not you like Kipling's works that are aimed for adults -- it's very different in tone from, say, The Jungle Book or _Just So Stories_, which were written for children. If you like this, I recommend you grab Plain Tales from the Hills, his first collection of stories set in British India; it should also be available online for free.
If you're interested in the historical background for this story, it was at least partially inspired by a real individual, an American named Josiah Harlan.
A part of the charm of Rudyard Kipling books is the insights on an Indian culture unfamiliar to many in the West. India has an institutionalized caste system that was embraced and copied by western colonial masters. For the Western foreigner, an adopted caste system was not formally stated but was culturally recognized by the colonizers. This is exemplified by Kipling's description at the beginning of this story of passengers on a train who were classified as “Intermediates.”
“There are no cushions in the Intermediate class, and the population are either Intermediate, which is Eurasian, or native, which for a long night journey is nasty; or Loafer, which is amusing though intoxicated.” (loc 18-19). A further comment on the value of these human beings is “in the hot weather Intermediates are taken out of the carriages dead, and in all weathers are most properly looked down upon.” (loc 21).
Another part of the charm of Rudyard Kipling books is his phrasing and language use. On the one hand, it is reflective of his time and era. Additionally, it is multi-layered with inferences and clever wordplay so the sentences can be read and appreciated. It is not a quick read with a straightforward narrative. The entire story is an example of this but I want to give one specific example I found rather remarkable. It is long and requires a bit of a background. The Indian States in the late 1800s resembled what readers in the US might call the wild west. It was a time for adventurers, also known as con-men. To make their fortune, anyone could represent themselves as a person of position or authority and reap whatever gains and benefits the position was entitled to. As this story opens, the narrator, Kipling, is this type of individual. On a train trip, he meets another who asks Kipling to pass a message to yet a third individual. All three at this point are described (by Kipling) as penniless vagabond adventurers. Kipling passes the message but later thinks better of it. Fearing he might be thought an accomplice to a scheme or fearing more to be caught, he reveals the identity of the two to authorities. He hears they were caught. Kipling moves on with his life.
Kipling settles down to “the daily manufacture of newspapers.” This could mean everything from duties as a journalist to those of a printer. The job is “legitimate” and Kipling is no longer a vagabond. This description of a newspaper office is an example of the author's depth of writing. It causes the reader to reflect on the history and culture of Kipling's era.
“A newspaper office seems to attract every conceivable sort of person, to the prejudice of discipline. Zenana-mission ladies arrive, and beg that the Editor will instantly abandon all his duties to describe a Christian prize-giving in a back-slum of a perfectly inaccessible village; Colonels who have been overpassed for commands sit down and sketch the outline of a series of ten, twelve, or twenty-four leading articles on Seniority versus Selection; missionaries wish to know why they have not been permitted to escape from their regular vehicles of abuse and swear at a brother-missionary under special patronage of the editorial We; stranded theatrical companies troop up to explain that they cannot pay for their advertisements, but on their return from New Zealand or Tahiti will do so with interest; inventors of patent punkah-pulling machines, carriage couplings and unbreakable swords and axle-trees call with specifications in their pockets and hours at their disposal; tea-companies enter and elaborate their prospectuses with the office pens; secretaries of ball-committees clamor to have the glories of their last dance more fully expounded; strange ladies rustle in and say:— “I want a hundred lady’s cards printed at once, please,” which is manifestly part of an Editor’s duty; and every dissolute ruffian that ever tramped the Grand Trunk Road makes it his business to ask for employment as a proof-reader. And, all the time, the telephone-bell is ringing madly, and Kings are being killed on the Continent, and Empires are saying, “You’re another,” and Mister Gladstone is calling down brimstone upon the British Dominions.”
Kipling, Rudyard. The Man Who Would Be King (Illustrated) + Free Audiobook - Francson Classics (Kindle Locations 88-99). Francson Classics. Kindle Edition.
While employed in the newspaper trade, Kipling meets the two men he had earlier met on the train. They were in such good disguise that at first he did not recognize them. They explained they were on their way into some of the disorganized states (Afghanistan) to establish there own fiefdom. They intended to establish themselves as kings using arms as well as religion. Because they are both experienced con-men, they set up rules for themselves. The two are confident that if they follow their own rules, they will succeed; they would become kings.
And they succeed, up to the point when one of them breaks one of their own rules. Kipling knows the story because one of the men returned to Kipling's newspaper office to relate the account. In this short story Kipling tells us the story of the man (not men) who would be king.
The story is a narration of a story of two Englishmen, Daniel Dravot and Preachy Carnehan, who set off from northeast India for Kafiristan (currently Nuristan) in Afghanistan. Kafiristan is populated by a pagan, tribal, fiercely independent people. The names come from Persian descriptions of the people who lived there. Kafirs are "pagans" or "infidels" and Nuris are "the enlightened ones." The renaming happened after they were conquered and converted to Islam in the 1890s. Kipling's story takes place before the subjugation. It is fictional but was inspired by historical events.
The two Englishmen make it to their destination using wile and guise. They demonstrate their superiority with rifles to kill men at a distance. They rise to power, indeed becoming kings. Their next step is to convince their people they are Gods by interpreting ancient Masonic signs. (Kipling had become a Freemason in 1885.) This works for a while until Dravot insists on a wife and it all unravels with brutal results.
It's the classic tale of comeuppance.
Read it for a interesting view of the Raj at the end of the 19th century and the moral lesson.