- Tapa blanda: 192 páginas
- Editor: OUP Oxford; Edición: Reprint (23 de febrero de 2012)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0199695997
- ISBN-13: 978-0199695997
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº242.918 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
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Neutrino (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 23 feb 2012
Descripción del producto
Recommended reading ('Background briefing' list for 2015 Nobel Prize for Physics)
it's a little cracker. An awful lot of popular science passes across my desk, and it's very rare that the vast majority of the content is new and fresh, but that's the case here... it's a fascinating story. Apart from anything else, it's a great example of what real science is like. (Brian Clegg, Popular Science)
A fine piece of scientific popularisation from one of the best scientific communicators around. (Literary Review)
Close tells this story with verve and precision... admirably clear and eminently accessible. (Wall Street Journal)
As an award-winning writer, Close tells this detective story with great style. (Robert Matthews, BBC Focus)
Reseña del editor
What are neutrinos? Why does nature need them? What use are they?
Neutrinos are perhaps the most enigmatic particles in the universe. Formed in certain radioactive decays, they pass through most matter with ease. These tiny, ghostly particles are formed in millions in the Sun and pass through us constantly. For a long time they were thought to be massless, and passing as they do like ghosts they were not regarded as significant. Now we know they have a very small mass, and there are strong indications that they are very important indeed. It is speculated that a heavy form of neutrino, that is both matter and antimatter, may have shaped the balance of matter and antimatter in the early universe.
Here, Frank Close gives an account of the discovery of neutrinos and our growing understanding of their significance, also touching on some speculative ideas concerning the possible uses of neutrinos and their role in the early universe.
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I recall reading about some of the early work in a Scientific American article of trying to capture neutrinos from the Sun in a big tank of Carbon Tetrachloride deep in a mine back in the late 70's or early 80's. I also recall the levels of capture were much lower than expected and marveled at the concept of isolating a few atoms affected by a neutrino reaction out of several hundred thousand gallons of fluid. I believe the estimate in that article was that 97% of all neutrinos released in the center of the sun reached the surface of the sun without any interaction with matter at all. Now, name another particle that can top that! This book details the history of these experiments and all the mysterious outcomes and how they were resolved.
One of the difficulties encountered was to overcome the momentum of "wisdom" about the neutrino counts from the sun before it was realized that neutrinos have a personality disorder and may oscillate between types since they have mass, albeit extremely small even compared to an electron. The evolution of detecting neutrinos and measuring their properties is fascinating as a subject of it's own.
If you have ever cared about neutrinos in any way, this book is a must read. The history of this 50 year plus investigation is clearly explained, with the horrendous trials and tribulations that go with it. I am absolutely amazed at what conclusions were reached by 2001. The idea of neutrino astronomy blows me away, the concept that our continuous monitoring of neutrinos from the Sun yield real time information from neutrinos about the current status at the center of the sun. The continued information being captured by these buried instruments regarding incoming cosmic rays interacting with our atmosphere to produce various energy levels of neutrinos. The ability to confirm theories of what happens in a super nova from the 1987 interception of neutrinos.
I was delighted with the way the book is written for the most part, and truly appreciated the wealth of understanding and insight of neutrinos that the book provided in addition to the historical information on this subject. It gives closure on some of the many questions I had on neutrinos and how they relate to other areas of the current state of quantum mechanics and cosmology.
I have previously read about Neutrinos in various books, but it was nice to have it all come together in Neutrino. Even
though it looks like the Neutrino family will not explain dark matter by it's self, the fact that they have a vanishing mass
and change their colors on the fly promises hints about what's next beyond the Standard theory. Since the Neutrino's
importance is just beginning to be understood, no one wants to be left in the dark. You'll find the story here all in one
I liked this book so much, both in content and writing, I bought his next one.
After reading this book, I immediately purchased two other books by him: The Infinity Puzzle: Quantum Field Theory and the Hunt for an Orderly Universe and Nothing: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions). I am currently reading these and learning a lot. I'm really glad I obtained all three of these books.