- Tapa blanda: 320 páginas
- Editor: Penguin Books (1 de abril de 2006)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0140262881
- ISBN-13: 978-0140262889
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº130.389 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
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Philosophy And Social Hope (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 1 abr 2006
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Reseña del editor
Richard Rorty is one of the most provocative figures in recent philosophical, literary and cultural debate. This collection brings together those of his writings aimed at a wider audience, many published in book form for the first time. In these eloquent essays, articles and lectures, Rorty gives a stimulating summary of his central philosophical beliefs and how they relate to his political hopes; he also offers some challenging insights into contemporary America, justice, education and love.
Biografía del autor
Richard Rorty is Professor of Comparative Literature at Stanford University. He is the author of PHILSOPHY AND THE MIRROR OF NATURE, CONTINGENCY, IRONY AND SOLIDARITY, and ACHIEVING OUR COUNTRY.
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Rorty's pragmatism really is a unique ethical stance--one rooted in historical contexts and necessarily limited by human finitude. It recognizes no absolutes, and instead it takes concrete, intersubjective structures and institutions as a real hope for shared ethical behavior. In this way, Rorty's optimism is one shared by Mill toward the end of his famous pamphlet on utilitarianism.
As of now, though, I remain unconvinced by Rorty's argument, and I would claim that the anti-foundationalist Rorty relies on intersubjectivity in the same, foundational ways as more transcendental versions of ethics (see Husserl's description of transcendental intersubjectivity or even Kant's discussion of the kingdom of ends).
I will use this book again, and I will read more of his works.
I can honestly say that this book changed my life. It's made me a more loving person. Rorty would be the first one to point out (as he did in this book) that Hitler could have used pragmatism to justify virtually all his crimes against humanity. Yet personally, I believe that pragmatism has made me more compassionate, and less militant about virtually everything (but let's accent my atheism). I'm very thankful that this book exists. It's one of the most influential books I've ever read.
On the downside, I found some of the articles at the end, specially those that cover his political views, unnecessary or not really suited for the purpose of the book.
I recommend this collection of essays for anyone interesting in knowing Rorty's thought that might be a little bit scared (as I am) to start with one of his books
So I liked it, and I think I understand his position to an extent. He says that we should stop pretending that there is a "reality" beyond what we feel and experience. We should stop dreaming that there is some "truth" out there that we have to find. He says that we should try to do things that promote freedom and democracy, and we shouldn't do things for the sake of some ideal or some image of a perfect world that should eventually be achieved.
That's all very fine, except....
If there is no ideal, if there is no fixed value, then how does he justify his faith in democracy and freedon? Why are these ideas unquestionably good?
Also, he says that pursuing science and stuff just for the sake of it, cannot be justified. Western science is not pursuing the absolute truth about this world. It is a really good thing, but only because it was usefull to us so far. (But since it was VERY useful, people who praise voodoo magic and folk "science" as something equally great as western science are plain stupid, since those things were very limited in their scope of usefullness). And so, we can't justify stuff like super colliders or space exploration, since it's usefullness to democracy and freedom are questionable.
Well... how the hell would anybody know what would be good for what purpose? People who were looking for big prime numbers probably had no practical use of those theories in mind. Yet, today, they are quite useful in cryptography... which is probably good for freedom in many ways. A lot of scientific discoveries had no practical use, and so was not useful in any sense at that time. And there were many projects that was supposed to improve the world that didn't do anything.
It's a good book, and the writing is clear and sometimes even fun. You will understant Rorty's ideas, and its a great introduction. But it's an introduction that makes you think. I don't know if the answers to my questions (and undoubtedly, many other people would have thought about the same thing, since I'm not the brightest person on earth) are in his other writings, although I doubt it.