- Tapa blanda 254 páginas
- Editor: Yale University Press; Edición: New ed (21 de febrero de 1996)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0300066384
- ISBN-13: 978-0300066388
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº675.160 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
Privatopia: Homeowner Associations and the Rise of Residential Private Government (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 21 feb 1996
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Condominiums, co-ops, planned unit developments of single-family homes-these and other forms of common interest housing developments (CIDs) have become a familiar sight in America. Currently there are approximately 130,000 of these developments, housing some 30 million people. Residents are required to belong to homeowner associations, pay monthly fees, and live under the rule of residential private governments. These governments perform functions for their residents that were once the province of local government, providing, for example, police protection, trash collection, street maintenance, and lighting. They also place restrictions on ownership of property and enforce rigid and often repressive codes of conduct governing the most private aspects of residents' lives. This book is the first comprehensive study of the political and social issues posed by the rise of CIDs. Evan McKenzie shows how the developments diminish residents' sense of responsibility for the city as a whole by making them reluctant to pay taxes for the same public services that their fees provide. McKenzie also shows that the private governments of CIDs depart from accepted notions of liberal democracy, promoting a unique and limited version of citizenship that has serious implications for civil liberties. He argues that the spread of CID housing has important consequences for politics at all levels of government, because CID advocates now constitute a significant force in interest group politics in many states, often organizing to demand tax breaks or credits for CID residents. Tracing the history of CID housing from the nineteenth century to the present, he highlights the important but little-understood role public policy has played in advancing this large-scale "privatization for the few," and he concludes by considering the implications for urban politics.
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I recommend reading Privatopia first, followed by Beyond Privatopia. By doing so, you will see how HOAs have become the ONLY type of residential construction permitted across the country over the past two decades. One in four American homes are now in HOAs, and the ratio is much higher than that in the country's fastest growing metropolitan statistical areas. Buyers are often left with few non-HOA alternatives.
It is important for any homebuyer or housing advocate to understand the corporate and political machine behind the HOA industry - and that's what it is. HOAs are not democracies or private clubs created for residents, but real estate investment schemes created by the housing industry for its own benefit, and with the blessing - or mandate - of local governments. Do not be fooled by marketing hype, there is much more to planned communities than the pristine green spaces and "amenities." Owners have to pay dearly for all of it and more.
My fervent wish is that consumers educate themselves and demand that their local planning and development commissions put and end to future approval and construction of HOAs.
This book helped me understand the history of HOAs and how they rose from a reasonable agreement amongst like minded residents ("let's have no dead deer hanging from trees") to micromanagement of house colors and lightbulb wattage. McKenzie's book was a watershed for me and I have reread it many times. I have also bought multiple copies for friends who can't understand why they can't paint their house or put up a clothes line.
I wrote to McKenzie about the impact his book had on my views and got a lovely reply in response. If this is a topic that has touched your life, this book is a tremendous eye opener. I highly recommend it, as I did in the 1990's!