- Tapa blanda: 240 páginas
- Editor: The University of Michigan Press; Edición: Second Edition (30 de noviembre de 1990)
- Colección: Ann Arbor Paperbacks
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0472064304
- ISBN-13: 978-0472064304
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
Prospero and Caliban: The Psychology of Colonization (Ann Arbor Paperbacks) (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 30 nov 1990
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A classic in psychological ethnography and the history of colonialism
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In his book he sees the rise of egalitarianism, as well as the individualisim in European culture of recent times, leading to the break of dependency by children from their parents, often initiated by the former, who nevertheless experience this separation as “abandonment” and frequently suffers from a sense of guilt.
This separation from the parents CAN give man “great power of altering things”, if he is willing to pay the price of “accepting abandonment” (p.207). However, this process can also lead man to develop of an inferiority complex, which will compel him to seek the domination of others – such as the French colonizers did in Madagascar.
Influenced by Shakespeare’s 'The Tempest' and Daniel Defoe’s 'Robinson Crusoe' among others, Mannoni seem to lean heavily on Freudian psychoanalytical writing such as 'Totem and Taboo'. He hence seeks explanation for the colonizers' actions in their repressed tendencies (i.e. sadism, rape, or incest) “which both frightens and fascinates us," being projected onto others (p. 111).
Mannoni sees the reason of colonial racism therefore primarily rooted in sexual guilt, which the colonizer wants to rid himself off by blaming the colonized people as ‘scapegoats of his own evil intentions’ (p.106). The over-compensation for an inferiority complex is yet another important explanatory element, not just in women, but also by ‘the colonial’ in general, who is ‘not just greedy for profits, but rather ‘other-psychological-satisfactions’ (p.33).
Mannoni’s book can be understood as a criticism on colonialism in particular and Western society in general. The central theme being the projection of “mental derangement” of Europeans or “our own inner difficulties”, to use Mannoni words, onto the people that were colonized (p.197).
“The rift between man and man which racialism indicates, with all its confused emotional force, thus reflects an inner conflict in which we are divided against ourselves” (p.200).
Well worth a read, for more than just the people interested in the psychology of colonization.