- Tapa dura: 256 páginas
- Editor: Kessinger Publishing (10 de septiembre de 2010)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 116636111X
- ISBN-13: 978-1166361112
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
Ulfilas, Apostle of the Goths: Together with an Account of the Gothic Churches and Their Decline (1885) (Inglés) Tapa dura – 10 sep 2010
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This scarce antiquarian book is a selection from Kessinger Publishing's Legacy Reprint Series. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment to protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature. Kessinger Publishing is the place to find hundreds of thousands of rare and hard-to-find books with something of interest for everyone!
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Starting from pre-history the book primarily covers the religious history of the Visigothic people from their contact with the Roman Empire through the conversion of King Raccared of Gothic Spain to Catholic Christianity. The Gothic Arian Church ceased to exist when Raccared convened a general council of the Church at Toledo in 589 where Roman Nicene Christianity was declared the official religion in his dominions. Early on the author interestingly sorts out some questions regarding Ostrogothic Christian origins in the Crimea which have on occasion been confused with the Arian mission to the Visigoths undertaken by Ulfilas in 341. It also carefully reconstructs the chronology of his life and career. At some point in his youth, he was brought to Constantinople either as part of a mission or as a hostage. Later on he is found to be a "lictor" or reader in the Eusebian episcopate of the city. In 341, he was ordained a bishop by Eusebius of Constantinople and a group of eastern bishops. Trilingual in Gothic, Greek, and Latin, he was sent across the Danube to evangelize the Visigoths. In 348, under the sway of a pagan leader, the Visigoths began a systematic and deadly persecution of their Arian brothers. At this time, Ulfilas with the blessing of Constantius led his flock across the Danube where they were allowed to settle in Moesia. We next hear of Ulfilas at the Council of Constantinople in 360 where he subscribes to the modified homoean creed of Arminium. He may have started out as a Eusebian Semi-Arian, but in his maturity he would anathematize all except the homoean. We last hear of Ufilas in 381 when he was called to Constantinople by the Emperor Theodosius in connection with a proposed council that never took place. He died shortly thereafter.
Among his achievements, the translation of the Bible from the Greek into Gothic stands out. He had to develop an alphabet to do so, and thus his was the first written work in Gothic. Interestingly, he left out the book of Kings. His reasoning was that his people were war like enough and needed no scriptural encouragement to violence. Due to his efforts and those of his disciples, the great mass of the Visigoths were converted to Christianity as he understood it and preached it. The portions of the scriptures we possess from Ulfilas' translation are faithful to the Greek text with no accommodations to his Christological views. After his death, the Roman Empire became coercively supportive of the Nicene faith. The Visigoths' attachment to their heterodox Christianity was strong enough that they quit the peace of the Roman Balkans. They moved west under Alaric and later carved out the Gothic Kingdom of Toulouse in Gaul. Driven out by the Franks, they established the Gothic Kingdom of Spain. The remainder of the book deals with the decline of the Gothic Arian Church in these Kingdoms. Ultimately, the faith of Ufilas succumbed to the constant pressure from Roman Catholicism and its many temporal minions. There is a great deal of complexity in the story herein told by the author. I have only been able to sketch the basic outline of the work.
A great deal of recent scholarship has been devoted to the interaction of the Roman Empire and its barbarian neighbors. This book in spite of its age stands up well when compared to the latest work of Peter Heather for example. However, its unique focus on the Arian Christianity of the Goths is what makes it special and still so vital. The author handles the original source documents and the ancient authorities with keen insight and exhaustive thoroughness. All the major German language scholars are consulted and their pertinent thoughts fully explored. The quality of scholarship displayed in this book is of the highest level. It should be noted that Scott was working with Henry M. Gwatkin who was a towering figure in early English language considerations of the fourth century Christological controversies. Almost all late nineteenth century scholarship is infected with a fair amount of elitism reflective of the era. And, that is the case here. However, it is easy to read past this cultural and religious bias. There is a remarkable story well told in this book. It is by far the best source and sometimes the only English language source for the material covered. This work is certainly not for the uninitiated, but Scott is a talented writer and the text is accessible to any literate adult. I found it an enjoyable and a very informative read.