- Tapa blanda: 283 páginas
- Editor: Broadway Books; Edición: Reprint (1 de febrero de 2010)
- Idioma: Inglés
- ISBN-10: 0767928067
- ISBN-13: 978-0767928069
- Valoración media de los clientes: Sé el primero en opinar sobre este producto
- Clasificación en los más vendidos de Amazon: nº227.890 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros (Ver el Top 100 en Libros en idiomas extranjeros)
Why We Make Mistakes: How We Look Without Seeing, Forget Things in Seconds, and Are All Pretty Sure We Are Way Above Average (Inglés) Tapa blanda – 1 feb 2010
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"What an eye-opener! If you're someone who has trouble remembering the names of people (or common objects), if you seem to forget things almost immediately after you learn them, if your memory of past events frequently turns out to be drastically at odds with the facts, relax: you're not alone. It's a truism that we all make mistakes, but Hallinan is more interested in why we make them, in what quirks of our mental makeup allow--and even frequently encourage--us to misremember important events, forget passwords, mistake strangers for friends, buy more groceries than we actually need, fall for optical illusions, and so on. Turns out these aren't sign of illness. Just the opposite: our minds behave this way because our brains are wired this way. Hallinan cites numerous studies and experts (there is a lengthy bibliography), but he keeps the book from becoming a stodgy recitations of facts and statistics through the frequent use of illustrative examples and snappy prose. He also throws in a few big surprises, such as the revelation that multitasking is a myth (we don't do several things at once--we switch between various tasks without really focusing on any of them). A vastly informative, and for some readers vastly reassuring, exploration of the way our minds work."
--Don Norman, author of The Design of Everyday Things From the Hardcover edition.
Reseña del editor
We forget our passwords. We pay too much to go to the gym. We think we’d be happier if we lived in California (we wouldn’t), and we think we should stick with our first answer on tests (we shouldn’t). Why do we make mistakes? And could we do a little better?
We human beings have design flaws. Our eyes play tricks on us, our stories change in the retelling, and most of us are fairly sure we’re way above average. In Why We Make Mistakes, journalist Joseph T. Hallinan sets out to explore the captivating science of human error—how we think, see, remember, and forget, and how this sets us up for wholly irresistible mistakes.
In his quest to understand our imperfections, Hallinan delves into psychology, neuroscience, and economics, with forays into aviation, consumer behavior, geography, football, stock picking, and more. He discovers that some of the same qualities that make us efficient also make us error prone. We learn to move rapidly through the world, quickly recognizing patterns—but overlooking details. Which is why thirteen-year-old boys discover errors that NASA scientists miss—and why you can’t find the beer in your refrigerator.
Why We Make Mistakes is enlivened by real-life stories—of weathermen whose predictions are uncannily accurate and a witness who sent an innocent man to jail—and offers valuable advice, such as how to remember where you’ve hidden something important. You’ll learn why multitasking is a bad idea, why men make errors women don’t, and why most people think San Diego is west of Reno (it’s not).
Why We Make Mistakes will open your eyes to the reasons behind your mistakes—and have you vowing to do better the next time.
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Each chapter expoeses a different common but often unconcious error in thinking that we humans display. The common thread between most of these seems to be that people employ a lot of efficient but often erroneous thinking shortcuts. The first section of the book is devoted to this type of error.
A chapter entitled "We Look But Don't Always See," for instance, surveys how we often go astray by settling for brief glances and hunches when more thoughtful pondering might be better. While this "at a glance" style reasoning may have served our ancestors (where it was better to be a sloppy, but alive, thinker than an accurate, but dead, one), it does not always serve us well. Oftentimes, we reason to the most obvious, but not always correct solution.
Another common theme amongst human errors is that we overestimate ourselves in many ways. We try to multitask on the erroneous belief that we can divide our attention between two or more things (responsible for many auto accidents every year). We buy costly annual gym memberships that often go un- or underused because of overeistimating our future behavior. We fail to see when we are wrong because we overestimate our abilities and do not easily admit that we could be wrong. Etc. Etc.
As a teacher, I found several chapters particularly interesting. "We'd Rather Wing It" talks about (a) our relunctance to read manuals and reflect on a problem before "diving right in," and (b) how there is, on the opposite end, such a thing as information overload - a point of diminishing returns where too much information can cloud our judgment. Also, in a chapter called "We Don't Constrain Ourselves" there is a great discussion about the value of instant and direct feedback on learning (one can only practice when one knows what their mistakes are, and how to identify them).
All in all, I found this to be a very interesting book on a subject that should be relevant to anyone who aims at thinking clearly. As mentioned by the author, one can only get better at something when one is cognizant of one's mistakes and the areas in which to look for them.
But those are games we play. What about the BP oil disaster? The question asked over and over is: How could this gross mistake happen? Wasn't anybody, even the government watchdog agency, modeling a cataclysmic deep-water event? Obviously, no one did.
Joseph T. Hallinan's "Why We Make Mistakes" sheds light on "how we look without seeing, forget things in seconds, and are all pretty sure we are way above average."
Hallinan's book illuminates our mistakes--from anchor decisions to hindsight bias to framing and calibration. Are you pounding big hours at work with less than adequate sleep? Chances are you are making reckless gambles. How about overconfident? Be careful, "overconfidence is a leading cause of human error."
Not reading this fast-moving and engaging book could be one more mistake you make.